LHASA, May 22 (Xinhuanet) -- May 23 marks the
50th anniversary of the peaceful liberation of Tibet and a series
of activities will be held to celebrate this historic event.
At the end of 1949, the Chinese People's Liberation
Army (PLA) prepared to enter Tibet after liberating major parts
of south and southwest China.
Considering the specific situation in Tibet, the
then central government of China noticed the local authorities
of Tibet to send representatives to Beijing to hold negotiations
on the peaceful liberation of Tibet.
However, the negotiations failed due to the obstruction
by Tibetan upper-level reactionaries and imperialist forces.
On October 19, 1950, the PLA took over Qamdo --
the gateway to Tibet, and the Tibet authorities had to accept
the arrangement proposed by the central government concerning
Tibet's peaceful liberation.
In April 1951, the local authorities of Tibet
sent a five- member delegation to Beijing including Ngapoi Nagwang
Jigme to hold negotiations with Li Weihan and Zhang Jingwu, representatives
of the Central Government. After several rounds of consultations,
the two sides signed an agreement on May 23, declaring the peaceful
liberation of Tibet.
According to the agreement, Tibet is a part of
China; the local armed forces of Tibet became incorporated into
the PLA; and the freedom of religious belief in Tibet is guaranteed.
In October 1951, the PLA came to Lhasa, the capital
city of Tibet. The peaceful liberation of Tibet was an important
event in the modern history of China, as well as an epoch-making
milestone in Tibetan history.
The peaceful liberation of Tibet proved that the
policies of the Communist Party of China on ethnic minorities
were correct and reflected the common aspiration and fundamental
interests of the whole Chinese people including Tibetan people.
The peaceful liberation of Tibet laid a solid
foundation for the unity and prosperity of the Newly founded People's
Republic of China.