LHASA, May 22 (Xinhuanet) -- The Tibet Autonomous
Region has a total population of 2.61 million with 92 percent
belonging to the Tibetan ethnic group. The social, economic, historical
and geographical conditions of Tibet are very special.
The Tibet Autonomous Region was established in
September, 1965. Under the leadership of the Chinese central government,
Tibet enjoys regional autonomy.
Currently, policies and rights implemented in
Tibet include: regional legislative authority empowered by the
State, the right to use and develop the Tibetan language, and
the administrative right of regional economic development.
Since the 1980s, a series of preferential policies
have been implemented in Tibet, such as agricultural tax exemptions
in agricultural and pastoral areas.
The autonomous region is permitted to protect,
develop and utilize local natural resources. The import and export
tax rate in the region is lower than the national standard rate.
Policies encouraging the local handicraft industry
and private sectors are practiced in the region.
China attaches importance to education in Tibet.
Children in farming and pastoral areas receive education free
The family planning policy is only advocated among
government employees of the autonomous region. There are no restrictions
on birth among farmers and herdsmen. Residents in Tibet are provided
with free medical services.