BEIJING, May 25(Xinhuanet) The Human Rights Society
of China published an article Friday , lashing out at the United
States for its support of Dalai clique's separatist activities.
Facts demonstrate that the Dalai Lama has become a tool of the
U.S. to "contain" China, says the HRSC article, titled "Looking
into U.S. Support for Dalai Clique's Separatist Activities".
With the support of anti-China forces in the
United States and other western countries , the article says ,
the Dalai clique has stepped up activities to split Tibet from
the motherland. It says that the U.S. President , Secretary of
State and other senior officials met with Dalai Lama recently
in disregard of China's strong opposition. The meeting , and the
recent appointment of an undersecretary of state as special coordinator
for Tibetan affairs by the U.S. State Department, and the introduction
of a so-called Tibetan policy bill by the U.S. Congress constitutes
a gross interference in China's internal affairs, the article
stresses. The moves have aroused great indignation from the Chinese
people, including Tibetans, and attracted worldwide attention,
the articles says.
The article reviews the history of U.S. support
for Tibetan separatist forces, saying that the U.S. began to poke
its nose into Tibet a long time ago. Since the 1940s in particular
, the U.S. had step by step reinforced its instigation and support
of ethnic separatist activities started by Tibetan aristocrats.
In the meantime , the United States walked from behind the scene
to openly instigate and support the Tibetan separatist activities.
In the 1940s, the U.S. government instigated a
Tibet separatist force into participating in a regional conference
in India as "an independent state". In a flagrant violation of
international practices, the article says, the United States government
ordered, in the 1940s , its consulate in Hong Kong to issue entry
visas to members of a " Tibetan commercial delegation" for them
to launch "Tibetan independence" activities in the United States
without the consent of the Chinese national government.
The article notes that the U.S. instigated the
Tibetan upper- class separatist force to expel Chinese residents
from Tibet to try and split the region from China , while notifying
the U.S. press saying the United States is prepared to "recognize
Tibet as an independent and free state".
Quoting U.S. media reports, the article says a
group of people were sent to Tibet by a U.S. intelligence agency
in September 1941 on the excuse of inspecting a highway , with
letters and gifts from the then U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt
for the Dalai Lama. After three-month stay in Tibet , the team
made a secret proposal to the U.S. Administration that the United
States should support Tibet bypassing the Chinese government,
according to the article.
In late 1943, the intelligence agency was ordered
to send a set of wireless communications equipment to Lhasa and
transport some materials originally earmarked for military assistance
by air to Tibet, the articles says.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the United States backed
and instigated the upper-class separatist group to prevent , through
the use of force , the Chinese People's Liberation Army from entering
Tibet,and planned three times for the Dalai Lama to flee overseas
for so- called "political asylum" , says the article.
It says the U.S. later instigated the Tibetan
separatist force to launch armed rebellion, helping the Dalai
clique set up armed forces called "Four Rivers , Six Gorges ,"
the religion protection army. The U.S. also provided financial
assistance for the India and the Dalai clique to establish a joint
military force, known as " Indian and Tibetan special border guard
forces ," it says.
In the meantime , manipulated by the United States
, the United Nations adopted three resolutions on the so-called
Tibetan issues in its bid to internationalize the Dalai issue
, a matter of China' s internal affairs , and invite countries
to exert joint pressure on China, the article says.
In recent years , many people in the United States
and other countries, including experts , scholars and those personally
involved revealed a great deal of information on what the CIA
(Central Intelligence Agency) did in the past to instigate and
support the Dalai clique's separatist activities.
Jim Mann wrote in the International Outlook ,
a magazine published in the United States, that "In 1951, the
Truman administration secretly tried to persuade the young Dalai
Lama to leave Tibet for exile , hoping that he could serve as
a catalyst for political opposition to China's new Communist regime."
"The Americans who negotiated (with the Dalai Lama's brother)
in 1956 probably did make promises to back Tibetan independence."
"For years, during the 1950s and 1960s , the CIA actively backed
the Tibetan cause with arms , military training, money, air support
and all sorts of other help."
In the issue of the U.S. magazine , Newsweek ,
published on August 16, 1999 , Melinda Liu, wrote that the CIA
planned the armed rebellion in Tibet in March , 1959 and Dalai
Lama's leave for exile,and offered military training to Tibetans.
As a matter of fact , "the covert war began as far as 1956 ,"
Liu went on to say that John Kenneth Knaus, who
handled Tibetan matters at the CIA from 1958 to 1965, recently
published a book on Tibet called "Orphans of the Cold War." "Under
a full moon in October 1957, the first two-man team of CIA-trained
Tibetans took off from a grass airstrip in East Pakistan. Beginning
in 1958, American operatives trained about 300 Tibetans at Camp
Hale in Colorado. The trainees were schooled in spy photography
and sabotage, Morse code and mine-laying. Between 1957 and 1960
, the CIA dropped more than 400 tons of cargo to the resistance,"
the author wrote. "Under the Kennedy administration , the CIA
moved the covert program to Mustang, a remote kingdom in Nepal
surrounded by China on three sides. The guerrillas ran hit-and-run
operations into Tibet. The Tibet operation was costing Washington
1.7 million U.S. dollars a year, according to intelligence documents,"
the book revealed.
Quoting Americans involved in the operations,
the Hong Kong- based Far East Economic Review reported it is the
CIA that masterminded the Dalai Lama's fleeing from Tibet , American
spy planes also intruded several hundred miles deep into Tibet
to provide air support for Tibetan separatists, dropping food
, maps ,radios and money. The plane also launched attacks against
the positions held by Chinese armed forces and filmed this operation,
which were seen by many Americans, according to the magazine.
Quoting Tibetan veterans such as Nawang Gayltsen
and U.S. intelligence experts , the Chicago Tribune has reported
that between the late 1950s and the mid-1960s , hundreds of trained
Tibetans were parachuted back into Tibet with submachine guns
and neck lockets with photos of the Dalai Lama. Some CIA trainees
ended up commanding an army of 2,000 Tibetan resistance fighters,
according to the report.
In an article titled "The CIA in Tibet" published
on February 8 , last year by the U.S. newspaper the Globe and
Mail, Rigzin Dolkar gave a very detailed account of the support
the CIA offered to the Dalai Lama. In an article titled "The Dalai
Lama on Succession and on the CIA", which was published in the
New York Review of Books ,Jonathan Mirsky wrote that the Dalai
Lama said during an interview with him that "without the CIA they
couldn't have done that clearing , and without the clearing I
wouldn't have been able to escape from Tibet."
In the 1970s, in order to improve its relations
with China ,the U.S. administration refrained from backing the
Dalai clique ,but the anti-China forces in the United States along
with the anti- China elements in the Congress in particular ,
have never stopped their effort to support Tibetan separatists.
The article says that since 1979 when the Dalai
Lama was allowed to visit the United States , the U.S. government,
out of its anti-China needs , has listed the so-called Tibetan
issue as an important part of its strategy to "contain" China
, supported the separatist clique in a flagrant way, and mustered
the anti-China forces in other Western countries in an attempt
to undermine China 's stability on the pretext of the "Tibetan
Since the Cold War was over , and recent years
in particular ,the United States and other Western countries ,
have launched vicious attacks on China by distorting the actual
conditions in Tibet and China's policies toward Tibet, taking
advantage of such issues as minority nationalities, religion,
human rights and the environment , says the article.
Under the disguise of promoting for negotiations,
these Western countries have intensified their support for the
Dalai clique ,resulting in growing separatist activities of the
Dalai clique for Tibetan independence, it says.
The U.S. support for the Dalai clique's separatist
activities has seriously hurt the feelings of the Chinese people
,particularly that of the Tibetans , and has become an important
factor hindering the smooth development of Sino-U.S. relations,the
The article accuses the United States of carrying
out a two- faced policy in regard to the Tibet issue. On the one
hand, the article says, the United States acknowledges that Tibet
is part of China; on the other, it supports , by hook or by crook,
the Dalai clique's activities for Tibetan independence in order
to pursue its policy of containing China.
In the article, the Human Rights Society of China
slams political figures in the United States for supporting the
Dalai Lama under the pretext of religion , saying that the United
States insists on allowing Dalai Lama to visit the country knowing
he is indulged in activities aimed at separating Tibet from China.
The article cites a report carried in the New
York Times in August 1999 as saying that during the 15 years between
1979 and 1994 , the Dalai Lama visited the U.S. once every two
to three years , but from 1994, the number of his visit to the
United States became once a year , twice in 1997 , and three times
in 1999. And since former U.S. president George Bush met with
the Dalai Lama during his U.S. trip in April 1991 , U.S. president
and vice- president convened with him every time when he came
to the United States.
The article accuses the U.S. State Department
of approving the establishment of two representative offices of
the Dalai clique in Washington and New York, respectively , and
appointing senior officials as the so-called special coordinator
for Tibetan issues. In January 1999 , the U.S. State Department
announced Julia Taft was appointed the new special coordinator
for Tibetan affairs. To increase the support for the Dalai clique,
the U.S. State Department announced during Dalai's visit that
year that Undersecretary of State Paula Dobriansky was concurrently
special coordinator for Tibetan affairs.
Officials of the U.S. State Department have publicly
attacked China's policies towards Tibet and the situation in Tibet
, and exerted pressure on China in various ways while supporting
the Dalai clique, says the article. It says the U.S. State Department
also attacks China through its annual Country Reports on Human
Rights Practices and the its annual report on International Religious
Freedom , vilifying that " the Chinese government authorities
continued to commit serious human rights abuses in Tibet."
The article says the anti-China elements in the
U.S. Congress and some state legislatures also support the Dalai
clique's separatist activities by adopting amendments and bills
advocating "Tibetan independence" or holding hearings on the "Tibetan
In June 1987, the U.S. House of Representatives
passed a bill of amendment , in which it went so far as to accuse
China of occupying Tibet through the use of force and ruling Tibet
through violence, the article says.
On May 23 , 1991 , the U.S. Senate adopted a
resolution describing Tibet as "an occupied country ," and the
expression also appeared in a foreign policy bill signed by then
president of the Untied States. The U.S. Congress involved in
convening three "World Parliamentarians Convention on Tibet" in
1994-1997 , using it to attack China's policy on Tibet and support
the Dalai clique's separatist activities.
In April 1997 , the Third World Parliamentarians
Convention on Tibet in Washington passed the Washington Statement
on Tibet. The convention "emphasized its recognition of the Dalai
Lama and his government as the sole legitimate representatives
of the Tibet and the Tibetan people." It also called on the governments
of the participating countries to support the Dalai Lama and suggested
the United States and related European countries provide financial
support to the Dalai Lama.
In 1997 , the U.S. Congress proposed or passed
a dozen bills involving the "Tibetan issue," and in 1999 , the
anti-China elements in the House of Representatives proposed more
than 70 anti-China bills , quite a few of which involved the "Tibetan
issue," the article says.
The article says the U.S. Congress also held a
lot of so-called hearings on the "Tibetan issue." In 1999 alone,
over 50 such hearings were held, and at which "Tibetan representatives"
designated by the Dalai clique were often invited and given opportunities
to spread rumors in favor of the separatist forces.
The United States also used various so-called
non-governmental organizations to advocate and support "Tibetan
independence" under the pretext of "democracy, freedom and human
rights." The article points out that many such organizations have
an official background, or have the political support or even
funding of the U.S. government, acting as tools of the U.S. government
to support the Dalai clique's separatist activities.
On June 24, 1998, the International Committee
of Lawyers for Tibet claimed in its report that Tibet has the
right to get independent and China's "occupation" of Tibet is
against international law. The Human Rights Society of China says
the International Committee of Lawyers for Tibet appears to be
authorities on international laws, but it was set up by an American
intelligence organization in 1949 for anti-Communist activities
and it recruited spies in east European countries. In 1958-1964,
the CIA provided it with grants totaling at least 650,000 U.S.
dollars. It is not difficult for people to see the true colors
of these so-called non-governmental institutions that campaign
for Tibet, the article says.
The article also accuses the U.S. of influencing,
using or even financing some media organizations to generate publicity
for the separatist activities of the Dalai clique. Though the
United States brands itself as a country enjoying the freedom
of press and speech, but many media organizations have openly
taken sides with the Dalai clique in their reports, and even actively
spread sensational rumors fabricated by the Dalai clique, while
turning a deaf ear to the actual conditions of Tibet, the article
It cites a survey conducted by an American professor
of history as showing that the ratio of stories published by the
newspaper the USA Today in favor of the Dalai Lama and those explaining
China's positions is 10 to one.
The anti-China forces with the American film industry
have played up the so-called Tibetan issues in recent years by
producing such films as "Kundun" and "Seven Years in Tibet," which
distort facts and confuse right and wrong, the article says.
It says the U.S. Congress has approved funding
in one million U. S. dollars to the Voice of America and Radio
Free Asia, which broadcast in the Tibetan language and advocate
"Tibetan independence," among other things. The United States
has been providing financial support for the Dalai clique's separatist
activities, and the secret funding arrangements were often disclosed
by the press from time to time, the article says.
It quotes the Associated Press as reporting on
October 1, 1998 that in recent years, the U.S. Congress has approved
two million U. S. dollars annually in funding for Tibetan exiles
Everyone knows that governments worldwide recognize
that Tibet is an indivisible part of China's territory, the article
says. After it defected abroad, the Dalai clique set up an "exiled
government" for the purpose of "Tibet Independence", trying in
vain to resume in Tibet the serfdom system that was overturned
by the Tibetan people. Over the past 40 years, the "exiled government"
has never stopped activities to separate the motherland.
The Dalai Lama, as a Philippines-based newspaper
pointed out in 1996, called himself a Buddhism follower, but if
he is concerned about Tibetan Buddhism and Tibetan people, he
should stop political activities for independence outside China.
Actually, the Dalai is playing political tricks in Lama's cassock,
the newspaper said. What he said is to seek independence through
peaceful ways, but what he dreamed is to reestablish the rule
of feudalism in Lamaism. Rupert Murdoch, the chairman of News
Corporation, said in 1999 that Dalai is "a very political old
monk shuffling around in Gucci shoes."
Some western countries, including the United States,
on the one hand recognize that Tibet is a part of China. But on
the other hand, they secretly support the separating activities
of the Dalai clique. After the Cold War, some Western countries
headed by the United States granted Dalai the Nobel Peace Prize,
intending to make use of Dalai as a political tool and change
the Tibetan issue into an international one.
Safeguarding unification, combating against separation,
wiping out slavery, and liberating slaves is the justice principles
commonly recognized in the world, the article says.
Obviously, the U.S. support for The Dalai clique's
separatist activities is against these principles. The Constitution
of the United States bans separatist activities in all forms.
To fight against the splittism and slavery system in southern
states, the U.S. federal government launched the Civil War starting
from 1864 and lasting for four years, which cost 15 billion U.S.
dollars and adopted the most advanced weapons. About 1.1 million
people were killed or injured during the war. Lincoln, who initiated
the war, therefore to present time gained respects and praise
by the American government and people.
However, some people in the political and media
circles of the United States today takes a contrary standpoint
on China's fights against Tibet's separation and slavery. The
Chinese central government and the local government of Tibet signed
the agreement on Tibet's peaceful liberation and realized the
peaceful liberation in the region.
It is the Dalai clique that tore up the agreement,
drummed for "Tibet independence" and launched the armed rebellion,
the article points out. The Chinese government took actions to
subside the clique's rebellion, abolish the savage slavery and
free one million slaves and serfs in Tibet. These actions were
condemned invading Tibet and infringing human rights by these
people in the political and media circles of the United States,
who made up a so called "Tibet issue" later on and gather together
with international anti-China forces to carry out long-term support
on Dalai clique's separation activities.
The United States' practice on its civil affairs
and domestic issues of China is a typical double standard, the
article says. The condemnation by the United States and the Dalai
clique violates objective facts. Since Tibet's peaceful liberation
50 years ago, the autonomous region has experienced a progressive
development. The abolishment of slavery in Tibet has not only
provided freedom for one million slaves and serfs but also made
them become masters of their homeland with real democracy, freedom
and human rights.
The Chinese government carries an ethnic autonomous
system in Tibet. People of Tibetan ethnic group together with
other ethnic groups in China have equal administrative rights
on the national and regional affairs. The Chinese government has
also made considerable efforts to protect and develop Tibetan
culture. In addition, the economic development and people's living
standard are greatly improved thanks to the aid of the central
Now, the social development and protection of
human rights in Tibet is at the best time in the region's history,
the article says. The purpose of the United States' defying Tibet's
development and progress and acting in collusion with the Dalai
clique, the article says, is to make deliberate use of the so-called
Tibet issue to thwart China's development.
A Hong Kong-based newspaper says that in recent
years, Dalai became the busiest monk in the world, being given
awards, delivering speeches, being covered or interviewed in Western
countries such as the United States. The major reason for Dalai's
busy activities is that he represents a force against China. The
"Tibet issue" is a weapon against China in the eyes of some Western
countries, the newspapers notes, without this value, Dalai will
never be attractive to these countries.
According to another article in the newspaper,
as a religious and social leader in Tibet, the position of the
Dalai Lama is always political. In the United States, a self-centered
country, the Dalai is a heretic and his religious power or Buddhist
allegory can never be believed there. Seeking self-interest and
inclement political intentions is the goal, which is the reason
why the country favors the monk.
Tom Grunfeld, professor of history at Suny Empire
State College in New York, said in an essay that U.S. policy has
done little to help resolve the Tibet issue. Washington's policy
ignores Tibet's complex history, is driven by domestic politics,
and is inherently contradictory. While officially recognizing
Tibet as part of China, the U.S. Congress and White House unofficially
encourage the campaign for independence." "But the vociferous
U.S. opposition to communist China ... pressured the White House
to open some space in its public diplomacy for the Tibetan issue,
resulting in yet another irritant in Sino-U.S. relations," the
essay said. "U.S. public diplomacy skirts the independence issue,
focusing on criticizing human rights abuses, " said the essay,
adding such initiatives as the establishment of Radio Free Asia
(RFA), the 1998 appointment of a special coordinator for Tibet,
and invitations to the Dalai Lama to visit the White House convinced
people that the U.S. is dedicated to "Tibetan independence". Washington
must acknowledge the significant gains in personal freedom for
the vast majority of China's citizens, and recognize the dramatic
changes that have taken place in Tibet, the professor said. More
realistic policies can help bring about a peaceful resolution
of the Tibet issue, which is in the interests, and to the benefit,
of all Chinese, and ultimately, the whole world, the professor
noted. Washington, and especially Congress, must end its China-bashing
and portrayal of China as a major threat to the United States.
Facts show that the separatist activities of the
Dalai clique is closely linked with the need of the anti-China
forces in the United States. The Dalai Lama is a chess piece for
the United States to "contain" China, the article says. The article
says the United States' support for the Dalai clique and focus
on the Tibet issue is in no case a concern for Tibet's culture,
religion and human rights. It is all for the political purpose
of its anti-China campaign.
The United States has become the chief supporter
of the Dalai clique's splittist activities, the article says,
adding that the Dalai Lama was driven to become a faithful tool
for the United States' anti-China force. U.S. support for Dalai
clique's separatist activities is a breach of the U.S. government's
principled stance that Tibet is part of China, the article says.
With a view of the overall situation of Sino-U.S.
relations and the basic benefits of peoples of the two countries,
the U.S. should self-examine its actions involving the Tibet issue
and stop abetting and supporting the Dalai clique's separatist
activities, the article concludes.