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National Flag, National Emblem, National Anthem, National Capital
2004/10/27
 

NATIONAL FLAG

On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) approved the proposal for using the red five-star flag as the national flag of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

NATIONAL EMBLEM

On June 18, 1950, the Second Session of the First CPPCC National Committee adopted the design and illustration of the national emblem of the PRC. On September 27 that year, Chairman Mao Zedong ordered the promulgation of the national emblem. Composed of patterns of the national flag, the Tian'anmen Rostrum, a wheel gear and ears of wheat, it symbolizes the New-Democratic Revolution of the Chinese people since the May 4th Movement (1919) and the birth of New China under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class on the basis of the worker-peasant alliance.

NATIONAL ANTHEM

On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC adopted a resolution approving March of the Volunteers, written by Tian Han and composed by Nie Er, as the temporary national anthem of the PRC before the formal one was formulated. On December 4, 1982, a session of the National People's Congress adopted March of the Volunteers as formal national anthem. The song reflects the revolutionary tradition and the mentality of vigilance in times of peace of the Chinese people.

NATIONAL CAPITAL

On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC unanimously adopted a resolution making Beiping, renamed Beijing as of the day, capital of the PRC.

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