Biotechnology and related industries are rapidly developing in China,
experts in the China National Center of Biotechnological Development said
Wang Hongguang, director of the center, said the Chinese government
has devoted great efforts to the research and development of biotechnology
and its industrialization.
According to him, China had invested some 10 billion yuan in this field
in the past two years.
Information shows that China, as the sole developing country participating
in the international human genome project, has finished one percent of
the sequence test and independently completed the sequence draft for the
gene groups of a hybrid rice.It is also the first country to locate and
clone the gene causing high-frequency nerve deafness and some genes causing
Additionally, China's two-line hybrid rice technology has matured and
been popular in many areas. Research in the field of anti-pest cotton
has reached the internationally advanced level and China has become the
second country to have the autonomous intellectual property rights and
independently cultivate these plants.
Chinese scientists have also succeeded in cloning a goat and cow. In
addition, there are already 150 types of biological pharmaceuticals in
the process of clinical research.
According to incomplete statistics, China, one of the countrieswith
the richest and most diverse biological resources in the world, has about
260,000 varieties of animals, plants and microbes.
Wang said China has nearly 200 major biotechnology laboratoriesfunded
by governments at various levels, with more than 40,000 technological
and research personnel.