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Transportation in China
2004-10-27

I. Air

China Civil AviationIt provides high-quality and safe transport service.

The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) is a functional department for the management of air transport in China. Today, the Chinese aviation has opened 983 domestic
airlines, 131 international airlines, and 24 regional airlines, linking 64 cities in 34 countries. The domestic airlines, with Beijing as the center, serve 135 cities in China. The types of aircraft of
Chinese airlines have reached world standards. Principal airport facilities are sophisticated. Air China has be-come one of the safest airlines in the world.

Main Airlines in China

Air China
Address: A2, N. East Third Ring Rd
Chaoyang District, Beijing, China
Post code: 100027
Tel: (010)64663366
Fax: (010)64662835

China Eastern Airlines
Address: Shanghai Hongqiao Interna
tional Airport
Postal code: 200335
Tel: (021 )62686268
Fax: (021 )62686039
China Southwest Airlines
Address: Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Postal code: 610202
Tel: (028)5700114
Fax: (028)5703031

China Southern Airlines
Address: Guangzhou Baiyun Interna
tional Airport
Postal code: 510406
Tel: (020)86120000
Fax: (020)86644623

China Northern Airlines
Address: Xiaoheyan Rd
District, Shenyang
Postal code: 110043
Tel: (024)23198888
Fax: (024)23198057

China Northwest Airlines
Address: 2, Fenghui Rd., Xi
Postal code: 710082
Tel: (029)8701114
Fax: (029)4207040

Xinjiang Airlines
Address: 46, Yingbin Rd
Postal code: 830016
Tel: (0991)3801703
Fax: (0991)3711084
Urumq

Xiamen Airlines Ltd.
Address: Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport
Postal code: 361009
Tel: (0592)5739888
Fax: (0592)5739777

II. Land Transportation

1. Railway
Railways in China have developed rapidly, and many new domestic and international lines have been opened. The domestic rails include high-speed trains, quasi-high-speed trains, express
trains, tourist trains, special expresses, and through expresses.

The high-speed trains shuttle between Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Kowloon. The quasi-high-speed trains include the Guangzhou-Kowloon and the Guangzhou-Shenzhen trains; Express trains starting at night and arriving in the morning run between major cities; Tourist trains serve main tourist cities, offering convenient transportation for travelers in China; Railway coaches in China have two soft upper berths and two lower berths in each private room.

The Beijing-Kowloon, Shanghai-Kowloon Through Expresses

Train No. K97, the Beijing- Kowloon Through Express, departs at 9:11 from Beijing every other day and arrives at Kowloon at 13:10 the next day.

Train No. K98 departs at 15:00 from Kowloon and arrives at the Beijing West Railway Station at 18:58 the next day.

Train No. 99, the Shanghai- Kowloon Through Express, departs at 9:19 from Shanghai every other day and arrives at 13:10 at Kowloon.

Train No. 100 departs at 15:00 from Kowloon and arrives at 19:10 in Shang- hai the next day.

Passport and return certificates for compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao are requested to buy tickets of these through expresses. Payment for these tickets is accounted in Hong Kong dollars and is paid in RMB on mainland China.

2. Highways

The highways in China have a total mileage of 1.18 million kilometers. These include 70 national highways and 1,600 provincial highways. Great efforts are being made to construct more expressways and Class I and Class II highways for motor traffic. The following expressways and Class I and Class II motor highways are convenient for tourists: Shenyang-Dalian, Beijing- Tanggu, Nanjing-Shanghai, Shanghai- Hangzhou, Hangzhou-Ningbo, Xi'an- Lintong, Xi'an-Baoji, Guiyang-
Huangguoshu, Beijing-Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan-Shijiazhuang, Yichang- Huangshi, Jinan-Qingdao, Guangzhou- Shenzhen, Guangzhou-Foshan, Chengdu-Chongqing, Fuzhou-Xiamen, Hainan Island Ring Road, Guilin- Liuzhou, Guangzhou-Shantou, and Luoyang-Kaifeng.

The expressway transportation is featured by high grade, quality service, high speed, and simple procedure. Most coaches for this transport are comfortable, well equipped, either imported or jointly made with foreign companies. The average speed is 100 km/h.

3. Getting Around a City

Taxicab ServiceTaxicabs ofvarying types are available in large and medium-sized cities. A ride costs one or two yuan per kilometer.

SubwayBeijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou have subways going through the downtown areas. A subway ticket costs 3.00-5.00 yuan.

BicyclesIn many tourist cities, such as Beijing, bicycles are for rent in hotels. People can also look around in Beijing by a three-wheeled vehicle driven by man.

IIIWater Transportation

China has a vast sea area with the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, and the East China Sea in the east, and the South China Sea in the south. The latter three border the Pacific Ocean. China's long
coastline has ports in Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Yantai, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Dalian, Beihai, and Hong Kong. These ports are vast and deep, with beautiful surroundings, making them another choice for sightseeing in China.

International Lines on the Sea

A regular weekly line of the Sino- Japanese International Ferry Company runs between Shanghai and the Japanese cities of Kobe, Osaka, and Yokohama. A one-way trip takes 45 hours.

The Yanjing Luxury Liner of the Jinshen Ship Company shuttles between Tianjin and Kobe once a week.

The Daren passenger and cargo liner of the Dalian Daren Ship Company runs between Dalian and Inchon in South Korea twice a week. A one-way trip takes 15 hours.

Every week there are three regular runs between Weihai and Qingdao and Inchon by the luxury liners New Golden Bridge and Xiangxuelan. A one-way trip takes 14 hours.

Domestic Sea Lines

Domestic sea lines link all Chinese port cities. The main lines include Shanghai-Dalian, Dalian-Tianjin, Dalian-Yantai, Shanghai-Qingdao, Shanghai-Guangzhou, Beihai-Guangzhou, Shenzhen-Zhuhai, and Zhuhai-Hong Kong.

These lines are well-arranged and equipped with luxury passenger ships.

Routes on Inland Rivers

China's mainland is crisscrossed by 226,800 kilometers of rivers, of which 136,000 kilometers are navigated.

The main routes on inland rivers include:
1. The Grand Canal between Suzhou and Hangzhou, 146.6 kilometers long, where tourists can enjoy the beauty of regions of rivers and lakes.
2. The Grand Canal-the Yangtze River-Taihu Lake from Nanjing, Wuxi or Yangzhou.
3. Guilin via the Lijiang River to Yangshuo, 83 kilometers long.
4. The Shanghai-Chongqing line, 2,399 kilometers in length, along the Yangtze River. There are 50 luxury boats traveling in the Three Gorges.

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