The Spokesperson of the Chinese Delegation Talks of the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit
From March 26 to 27, 2012, the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit was held in the Republic of Korea (ROK). Spokesperson of the Chinese delegation Qin Gang talked of the situation of the summit.
He said that the summit was convened against the backdrop that the international situation is undergoing profound and complicated changes and the international community is paying wide attention to strengthening nuclear security and responding to nuclear terrorism. With nuclear security as the theme, the summit reviewed the progress made by the international community in the field of nuclear security since the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit and had in-depth discussions on national measures and international cooperation on strengthening nuclear security. The summit issued a communiqué. With the efforts of the participating parties, the summit achieved positive results.
First, the summit has enhanced the awareness of the international community on nuclear security and their attention to the issue. There were leaders and representative of leaders from 53 countries and 4 international organizations participating in the summit, covering almost all the countries that have already had civilian nuclear energy programs or are about to start such programs. There were 6 more countries and one more international organization participating in this summit than the 2010 Washington Summit. Through the discussions, the participating countries have gained a further understanding on the importance of nuclear security and have stronger wills to strengthen their nuclear security capacity and participate in relevant international cooperation.
Second, countries had an in-depth exchange of views on practices and experiences in the field of nuclear security. Leaders, in their presentations and discussions, shared their respective national nuclear security measures and the progress they have made. They also made many useful suggestions on improving the global nuclear security level. Many countries have also submitted their national nuclear security progress reports to the summit to introduce the measures they have taken to implement the consensus of the 2010 Summit. All these could help countries learn experience from each other, strengthen their national nuclear security, and enhance their national nuclear security capacity.
Third, the summit has expanded the consensus of the international community on nuclear security. The summit communiqué reiterated the political commitments of national leaders to strengthen nuclear security and raised specific measures and recommendations in 11 aspects, including improving the international nuclear security system, strengthening the management of nuclear materials, combating the illegal trafficking of nuclear materials, and strengthening international cooperation and assistance. These recommendations will be implemented on a voluntary basis according to national laws and international obligations of the participating countries. These recommendations, together with the communiqué and the work plan adopted by the 2010 Summit, are very important for countries to carry out their nuclear security work.
Fourth, countries have made voluntary commitments to strengthen nuclear security. During the summit, participating countries made a lot of commitments on the nuclear security measures they are going to adopt through making presentation and issuing statement at the summit or other ways. They are an important complement to the summit communiqué.
Qin Gang said that China, as a big country in nuclear energy development and a responsible country, has always attached great importance to nuclear security issues and has participated in the Seoul Summit in a constructive manner. President Hu Jintao delivered an important speech entitled "Deepening Cooperation to Improve the Level of Nuclear Security" at the summit, in which he gave a comprehensive introduction to the work China has done and the progress China has made in the field of nuclear security as well as the initiatives to be taken. He also raised important propositions on strengthening international cooperation on nuclear security. In his speech, President Hu put forward some specific measures to be taken by China to strengthen nuclear security and participate in international cooperation and assistance. These proposals were well received by the participating parties.
China is willing to work with the international community to actively implement the outcome of the summit and continue to improve the nuclear security capabilities and participate in international cooperation so as to make due contributions to enhancing global nuclear security, promoting the development of nuclear energy and economic sustainable development, and maintaining international peace and security.