From June 30 to July 7, 2005, Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Russia and Kazakhstan at invitation, and attended the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit in Astana and the "Dialogue between the Leaders of G8 and China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico" in Gleneagles, the United Kingdom.
On July 8, Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing, who accompanied Hu Jintao during his visit, briefed the accompanying journalists on the achievements of Hu's visit on the special plane on their way home. Li said that the visit of President Hu Jintao is a major diplomatic move of China with fruitful results.
Li said that just as in the past, President Hu's visit is characterized by tight schedule and rich contents. In as short as 8 days, President Hu attended over 50 activities including bilateral and multilateral ones, formal meetings and talks, and inspection visits. The topics for discussion cover good-neighborly friendship, mutually beneficial cooperation with major countries and developing nations, and other contents. Many important achievements have been made during Hu's visit, which can be summarized in the following 3 aspects:
I. Consolidating good-neighborly friendship and raising strategic cooperation. In recent years, China-Russia and China-Kazakhstan relations have made constant strides and are facing historical opportunities for deepening cooperation. During his visit to Russia and Kazakhstan, President Hu and Russian President Putin signed the Joint Statement on the International Order of the 21st Century between China and Russia, demonstrating the resolute determination of both sides on further improving the level of bilateral strategic coordination, safeguarding world peace and promoting common development. During his visit to Kazakhstan, President Hu Jintao and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev jointly declared the establishment of the strategic partnership between China and Kazakhstan and decided to be committed to deepening the bilateral cooperation in all fields. China signed a series of documents with Russia and Kazakhstan in the fields of energy, finance, power and transportation. China and Russia set up the goal to raise bilateral trade volume to US$ 60-80 billion by 2010 and lift China's investment in Russia to an accumulated total of US$ 12 billion by 2020. China and Kazakhstan set up the goal to raise bilateral trade volume to US$ 10 billion by 2010. The signing of these documents has strongly boosted the bilateral pragmatic cooperation. Meanwhile, new initiatives on strengthening the cooperation in the humanities area were also raised. China will hold the "Year of Russia" and Russia will hold the "Year of China" to further the exchanges between the border areas of the two countries. China and Kazakhstan will further the cooperation in such fields as culture and education. The leaders of Russia and Kazakhstan both agreed that the achievements of President Hu's visit would lay a solid foundation for China-Russia and China-Kazakhstan friendly and mutually beneficial cooperation, and open a new chapter for bilateral relations.
II. Strengthening regional cooperation and promoting common development. Through 4 years' growth, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is playing an increasingly important role in regional security and economic cooperation and showing strong vitality. The SCO is also faced with new situations, tasks and challenges. During the Astana Summit, President Hu expounded the suggestions on priority areas of the SCO's future work on various occasions including large- and small-scale meetings and bilateral talks, and put forward concrete measures to strengthen regional economic and trade cooperation, including more preferential treatments in terms of the interest rate, the time limit and the guarantee qualification for the US$-900-million buyer's export credit promised by China in the Tashkent summit. Trade volumes of China with the SCO member states increased rapidly, with the growth rate hitting 67% last year, higher than the average growth rate of foreign trade of China. Against such background, those preferential treatments will surely promote the expansion of trade and economic cooperation within the SCO. Moreover, President Hu Jintao brought forward a series of cooperation initiatives, including training 1,500 management and professional talents in different fields for other member states within three years. These measures have fully demonstrated the great priority given by China to strengthening the multi-faceted cooperation with the SCO member states in all fields and the firm support given by China to the development of the SCO.
III. Advancing global cooperation and properly handling challenges. This was the 2nd time for President Hu to attend the dialogue between the leaders of G8 and developing nations following his attendance of the G8 Summit held in 2003 in Evian. With regard to tough challenges confronted by the world, including unceasing regional conflicts, widening wealth gap, terrorism and environmental deterioration, president Hu clearly identified a 4-point proposal on making joint efforts to maintain the global economic growth, strengthen policy consultations and find solutions to deep-rooted problems affecting the growth of global economy; on carrying out pragmatic cooperation; on implementing Millennium Development Goals and deepening South-North dialogue; and on establishing new types of partnership. The proposal is clearly defined and forward-looking. It not only takes into consideration the varied levels of economic and social development of different nations but also identifies some feasible and practical policy measures, therefore arousing wide attention from the international community.
More importantly, President Hu proposed and attended the group meeting of the leaders of China, India, Brazil, South Africa, and Mexico, and presented important views on achieving common development. China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico boast a population of 2.6 billion and an aggregate economic output of US$ 3.8 trillion and are considered important representatives of developing nations. The 4-point suggestions raised by President Hu in the group meeting put emphasis on solidarity and coordination, and seeking common ground while putting aside differences, advocate expanding ways of thinking, and point out the direction for deepening South-South cooperation and promoting South-North dialogue. President Hu called on developing nations to increase their investment and assistance, reduce trade barriers, and reduce and remit debts, and urged developed nations to take the lead in undertaking the emission reduction responsibilities, fully demonstrating that China is always a member of the developing nations and will unremittingly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of developing nations.
Li Zhaoxing said that President Hu's visit has followed the set policy of "increasing mutual trust in politics, strengthening strategic coordination, deepening mutually beneficial cooperation and safeguarding regional stability" and the principle of "equality, mutually benefits, seeking common ground while putting aside differences, being active and pragmatic, and win-win cooperation ". It is a major diplomatic move of China that has scored fruitful results.