The comprehensive relations of friendship and cooperation between the People's Republic of China and Ukraine witnessed positive progress in 2010, marked by enhanced political relations and fruitful mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields.
The two sides maintained close high-level exchanges and strengthened political mutual trust. On 12 April, President Hu Jintao met with President Viktor Yanukovych on the sidelines of the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., where the two leaders had an in-depth exchange of views on bilateral relations. On 5 October, State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Meng Jianzhu met with Secretary of National Security and Defense Council Raisa Bogatyreva during the International Conference for Senior Representatives of National Security Affairs in Sochi, Russia. They exchanged views on China-Ukraine relations and cooperation in law enforcement and security. On 25 February, Minister of Agriculture Han Changfu attended the inauguration ceremony of President Yanukovych as special envoy of President Hu Jintao and he met with President Yanukovych. From 18 to 20 May, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi visited Ukraine. He had separate meetings with President Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Volodymyr Lytvyn and held talks with Foreign Minister Kostyantyn Gryshchenko. From 2 to 5 September, President Yanukovych paid a state visit to China and held talks and meetings with President Hu Jintao, NPC Chairman Wu Bangguo and Premier Wen Jiabao. The two sides reached important agreement on comprehensively improving bilateral relations and deepening practical cooperation in all fields. In the talks with President Yanukovych, President Hu put forward four proposals for future development of bilateral ties, i.e., first, strengthen political dialogue and consultation through high-level visits and departmental exchanges and continue to move bilateral relations forward from a strategic and long-term perspective; second, make best use of the solid foundation of bilateral trade and strong economic complementarity, fully tap the potentials and expand the cooperation so that two-way trade volume can rise to US$10 billion by 2012; third, enhance coordination in international and regional organizations and under other multilateral frameworks in a joint effort to advance peace, stability and development of the world; fourth, continue to promote exchanges and cooperation in culture, education, sports and tourism for better mutual understanding and closer friendship between the peoples of two countries, including encouraging greater friendship and exchanges between the younger generation, supporting mutual visits and performances of artists and art troupes, as well as holding culture day events. President Yanukovych fully agreed with President Hu's views on growing bilateral ties and expressed readiness to work with the Chinese side to tap into the potentials and enrich strategic cooperation for the continued growth of bilateral relationship. From 13 to 15 July, Foreign Minister Gryshchenko visited China and met with Premier Wen and held talks with Foreign Minister Yang.
Ukraine continued to support China's position on matters related to Taiwan and Tibet and reiterated its adherence to the one China principle. The Ukrainian leaders sent messages of condolences to their Chinese counterparts over the earthquake in Yushu, Qinghai Province, a passenger plane crash in Yichun, Heilongjiang Province, Pingdingshan coal mine explosion in Henan Province and the mudslide disaster in Gansu Province.
Bilateral trade and economic cooperation maintained a strong momentum. The joint committee on economic and trade cooperation had its 11th meeting and enterprises and financial institutions of the two countries signed agreements on several major cooperation projects, including the construction of airport light rail and a power station in Ukraine. The two sides successfully held regular meetings under the cooperation mechanisms for science and technology, space, and military technology and witnessed gradual expansion and significant outcomes of bilateral exchanges and cooperation.
The two countries had active cultural and people-to-people exchanges and exchanges between different localities and departments. The Ukrainian Culture Day event was successfully held in China. The Kiev Ballet Company and Acrobatics Troupe of Hebei Province exchanged visits and gave performances in each other's country. The Ukraine-leg of the 9th "Chinese Bridge"--Chinese language proficiency competition for university students was successfully held. A number of Chinese government delegations visited Ukraine, including the NPC Environmental and Resources Protection Committee, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Transport, China National Space Administration, People's Bank of China, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, and People's Daily. Delegations from Shaanxi, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei provinces also visited Ukraine. These visits provided a strong boost to exchanges and cooperation at the local level.
The two countries also enjoyed robust party-to-party exchanges. From 11 to 14 September, Wang Yang, Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Secretary of the CPC Guangdong Provincial Committee, visited Ukraine and met with President Yanukovych and Prime Minister Azarov. From 12 to 17 December, representatives from the Party of Regions of Ukraine visited China.