Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons--Working paper submitted by China at the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 NPT Review Conference
(May 2007, Vienna)
1. Prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation is conducive to preserving regional and international peace and security. It is in the common interests and a shared responsibility of the international community.
2. Prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation is also an effective and necessary step towards complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons. Efforts exerted by the international community to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation are an indispensable part of the international nuclear disarmament process.
3. All States should devote themselves to developing a global security environment based on mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation, and ensuring common security for all members of the international community, thereby removing motivations of States to acquire, develop or maintain nuclear weapons.
4. To achieve the goal of prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation, States should promote dialogue on equal basis, strengthen international cooperation, so as to develop and improve international nuclear non-proliferation regimes.
5. All concerns related to proliferation of nuclear weapons should be addressed peacefully through political and diplomatic means within the framework of existing international laws. Application of sanctions is not an effective way to solve problems. States should refrain themselves from resorting to using or threatening to use force. Further to the efforts that have been made, parties concerned should be encouraged to continue exploring effective ways through dialogues and negotiations to address outstanding regional nuclear issues.
6. Double standards on nuclear non-proliferation must be discarded. It is essential to ensure the fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory nature of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime. Efforts to strengthen the international nuclear non-proliferation regimes should follow the principle of multilateralism, and be carried out through universal participation and democratic decision-making. Great importance should be attached and full play given to the role of the United Nations and other international organizations in these endeavors.
7. Nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy are mutually reinforcing. Legitimate rights of using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes should be guaranteed under the condition that the goal of nuclear non-proliferatuion is ensured. Efforts should be made to prevent any country from engaging in proliferation activity under the pretext of peaceful use. Any international cooperation on peaceful use of nuclear energy should be conducive to strengthening the principles and effectiveness of the international non-proliferation regime.
8. All efforts should be made to consolidate and enhance the role of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as the cornerstone of the international non-proliferation regime. For the sake of the effectiveness and integrity of the NPT, each and every obligation of the Treaty should be strictly abided by and fully implemented.
9. Universality of the NPT is an important component of preventing nuclear weapons proliferation. Countries that have not done so yet are urged to join the NPT as non-nuclear-weapon States as soon as possible and place all their nuclear facilities under the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in accordance with the NPT provisions.
10. IAEA safeguards is a significant means in preserving the effectiveness of international nuclear non-proliferation regime. The universality of comprehensive safeguards agreements and additional protocols should be promoted.
11. All States should earnestly implement resolution 1540 (2004) of the United Nations Security Council and enhance and consolidate international cooperation on the basis of existing international law, so as to properly deal with illicit trafficking of weapons of mass destruction, their means of delivery, and related materials by non-State actors.
12. Measures should be taken to further strengthen nuclear export control regimes. Efforts by the Zangger Committee and the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in this regard should be supported.
13. Effective measures should be taken to strengthen nuclear security and to guard against and combat nuclear terrorism. The efforts made by the IAEA on guarding against nuclear terrorism should be supported thereupon.