Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone--Working Paper submitted by China at the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 NPT Review Conference
May 2005, Vienna
1. The establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones is of great significance in promoting nuclear disarmament, preventing proliferation of nuclear weapons and enhancing regional and global peace and security.
2. The international community should actively support efforts made by states of the regions concerned in establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones in light of their own regional conditions and on such basis as independent coordination and voluntary agreement.
3. The guidelines on establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones adopted by the United Nations Disarmament Commission in 1999 should be honestly observed.
4. Efforts by the countries in the Middle East in establishing a zone free of nuclear weapons or other WMDs in the Middle East should be welcomed and supported by the international community. The international community should also welcome and support the signature by the five countries in Central Asia of the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia signed in September 2006. The international community should encourage the non-nuclear-weapon states to continue making efforts and advancing proposals on establishing new nuclear-weapon-free zones.
5. The nuclear-weapon states should respect the legal status of nuclear-weapon-free zones, and undertake corresponding obligations in a legally binding manner. They should also carry out their security assurances stipulated in all nuclear-weapon-free-zone treaties and relevant protocols and undertake unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states or nuclear-weapon-free zones.