Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy--Working Paper submitted by China at the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 NPT Review Conference
May 2007, Vienna
1. It is one of the fundamental objectives of the NPT and the Statute of the IAEA to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy and the relevant international cooperation. Enhanced efforts in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy are conducive to a comprehensive realization of all the objectives of the NPT and helpful to promoting nuclear disarmament and preventing nuclear weapons proliferation.
2. Prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation and promotion of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy are mutually complementary to each other. Non-proliferation efforts should not undermine the legitimate rights of countries, especially the developing countries, to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
3. A proper balance between the safeguards and the international cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will entail more chance for active support of and participation in the IAEA's activities.
4. Technical assistance to the developing countries on peaceful uses of nuclear energy should be further strengthened.
5. Adequate fund should be guaranteed for IAEA's promotional and technical cooperation activities. All states parties should contribute to the Technical Cooperation Fund in full and in time.
6. Governments should take primary responsibilities of physical protection of nuclear material and facilities. International cooperation in this field should be strengthened and supported, including the efforts by IAEA. Resources requires to achieve these goals should be allocated through means other than compromising the core activities of IAEA, particularly its promotional activities.