China and Cuba
The Republic of Cuba is the first Latin-American country to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China on 28 September 1960. The mutually-beneficial relationship of friendship and cooperation between China and Cuba continued to deepen in 2010, with dynamic exchanges and cooperation in various fields.
The two countries celebrated the 50th anniversary of their diplomatic ties, for which President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao exchanged messages of congratulations with President Raul Castro of the Cuban Council of State and Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi with his counterpart Minister Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla at the end of September. Vice Chairman Ricardo Cabrisas of the Council of Ministers of Cuba headed a delegation to China as entrusted by the Cuban government to attend relevant celebrations. Zhou Yongkang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the Committee of Political and Legislative Affairs of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Chairman Ricardo Cabrisas attended the commemorative banquet hosted by the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries for the golden jubilee of the diplomatic relations, and State Councilor Dai Bingguo and Vice Chairman Ricardo Cabrisas attended the reception hosted by the Cuban embassy in Beijing. In early December, a commemorative envelope for the 50th anniversary of China-Cuba diplomatic relations was launched in Jinggangshan of Jiangxi Province.
There were frequent exchanges of high-level visits between the two countries. NPC Vice Chairwoman Uyunqimg visited Cuba in early May. Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi visited Cuba from 30 July to 1 August. He met with President Raul Castro, visited First Secretary Fidel Castro of the Communist Party of Cuba and had talks with Foreign Minister Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla. The two sides signed a bilateral economic and technical cooperation agreement. First Secretary Lu Hao of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China, Minister of Justice Wu Aiying, Vice Chairman Liu Zhenwu of the NPC Foreign Affairs Committee, Chairman Wang Xueren of the Yunnan People's Political Consultative Conference, Administrator Shao Mingli of the State Food and Drug Administration visited Cuba. Ricardo Alarcon, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and President of the National Assembly of People's Power of Cuba, Abelardo Colomé Ibarra, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and Vice President of the Council of State and Minister of Interior, Ricardo Cabrisas, Vice Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Cuba, and Abel Jimenez, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and Minister of Culture, visited China.
China and Cuba supported each other in international affairs. China voted in favor of Cuba's resolution calling for an end to US embargo against Cuba at the 65th Session of the UN General Assembly for the 19th time in a row. The two countries also cooperated and coordinated with each other in elections at multilateral organizations and on human rights and climate change.
Business relations were developing well with expanding cooperation. China is Cuba's second largest trading partner and Cuba is China's top trading partner in the Caribbean. The Gran Melia Shanghai Hotel, a China-Cuba joint venture, went into operation in January. The pig and ox slaughter house in the Guantanamo Province of Cuba to be built with government assistance and Santiago port project contracted by the China Harbor Engineering Company will start soon. Cuban procurement of bulk cargo ship and broadcasting/TV transmitter was successfully launched. The 23rd China-Cuba joint economic committee meeting was convened in Cuba in December.
Mutually beneficial and friendly cooperation in culture, education, health, science, technology and military expanded further. The Cuba National Pavilion Day was successfully held in July at the Shanghai World Expo, attended by Zhao Zhenyu, China's deputy commissioner general for World Expo 2010 and Aurelio Mollineda Martinez, Cuba's Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade and Investment. In October, the two ministries of culture signed the Cultural Exchange Implementation Plan 2011-2013. The fourth China-Cuba joint venture ophthalmology hospital went into trial operation in Hefei, Anhui Province at the end of the year. In August, the eighth inter-governmental joint science and technology committee meeting was held. In October, Executive Vice President Bai Chunli of the Chinese Academy of Sciences visited Cuba. In April, General Alvaro Lopez Miera, Deputy Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces and Chief of the General Staff of Cuba, visited China.