Joint Statement Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic On Deepening Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation
President Hu Jintao of the People's Republic of China paid a state visit to the Kyrgyz Republic on 14-15 August 2007 at the invitation of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. The two presidents had an in-depth exchange of views on China-Kyrgyzstan relations and international and regional issues of mutual interest in a sincere and cordial atmosphere and reached the following agreement:
1. The People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic (hereinafter referred to as the "two sides") agreed that to strengthen and deepen China-Kyrgyzstan ties is high on their diplomatic agenda and serves the fundamental interests of the two peoples as well as peace and stability in the region. The two sides viewed the Treaty of Good neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic signed on 24 June 2002 as having historic and immediate significance as it charts the course for long-term, steady and healthy growth of their bilateral relations. The Guidelines for Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic for 2004-2014 signed on 21 September 2004 which plans outr bilateral cooperation in specific areas is a guiding document for pragmatic cooperation between the two sides. The Joint Statement Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic signed on 9 June 2006 is of historic importance, marking a new phase in China-Kyrgyztan relations. The two sides are committed to the policies and principles set forth in these documents and will take effective steps to implement the agreements concluded between the two countries since they established diplomatic ties and move forward China-Kyrgyztan good-neighborly and cooperative relationship.
2. The two sides expressed willingness to strengthen high-level visits and exchanges at various levels, expand ties between government departments, and enhance pragmatic cooperation in the political, economic and trade, security, scientific and technological and cultural fields to raise China-Kyrgyztan friendly cooperation to a higher level.
3. The two sides will continue to support and develop exchanges and cooperation between the National People's Congress of China and the People's Representatives Assembly of Kyrgyzstan and between their parliamentary committees and friendship groups to expand and improve the legal foundation of bilateral ties, strengthen traditional friendship and enhance mutual understanding between the two peoples.
4. The two sides reaffirmed the historic significance of boundary demarcation and delineation between them. The two sides will strictly observe all bilateral agreements and documents on the boundary issue and are committed to maintaining peace and lasting friendship in the border areas.
5. The two sides agreed to support each other's policies and actions concerning sovereignty, unification and territorial integrity. The Kyrgyz side reiterated its firm commitment to the one-China policy and recognizes the Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government representing the whole China and Taiwan as an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. The Kyrgyz side is opposed to any attempt to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan", "de jure Taiwan independence" or "Taiwan independence" in any other form, and Taiwan's membership in any international or regional organization which are only composed of sovereign states. It refuses to establish official ties or conduct official exchanges in any form with Taiwan. The Kyrgyz side supports all efforts of the Chinese Government for national reunification. It holds that the Taiwan issue is a domestic affair of China that brooks no external interference. The Chinese side expressed great appreciation to the Kyrgyz side for this principled position and reaffirmed its support for the efforts of the Kyrgyz side to safeguard independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, maintain stability and develop economy.
6. The two sides regard the fight against "East Turkistan" terrorist forces as an important component of the international effort against terrorism. The two sides expressed readiness to continue close security cooperation and take effective measures to fight all forms of terrorism, including the "East Turkistan" terrorist forces, in the interest of peace and stability in both countries and the region at large. The Chinese side appreciates and firmly supports all efforts of the Kyrgyz side to fight the "three forces" (extremist, separatist and terrorist forces) in Central Asia.
7. In response to non-traditional security threats and challenges, the two sides pledged to implement in earnest the Extradition Treaty Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic signed on 27 April 1998 and conduct closer cooperation on this basis to fight various transnational crimes.
8. The two sides will, in accordance with the agreements and treaties concluded, strengthen and deepen the friendly ties between the two armed forces and expand bilateral exchanges and cooperation in the military field.
9. The two sides agreed that strengthening their economic cooperation and trade is of great importance to the all-round growth of the bilateral ties. The two sides agreed to enhance the functions of the Joint Economic and Trade Committee between the two governments, improve investment environment, and expand cooperation in transportation, telecommunications, agriculture, mining and processing, energy and infrastructure construction on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. Given the increase in mutual visits and flow of goods, the two sides will take steps to upgrade Turgat Port to ensure smooth flow of passengers and vehicles from a third country and increase the capacity for passenger and cargo transportation. The two sides will continue to step up cooperation in the World Trade Organization and other international organizations and regional economic and financial organizations.
10. The two sides will, pursuant to their domestic laws, facilitate trade and investment by Chinese and Kyrgyz nationals and corporations within each other's territories and take effective measures to protect the safety and lawful rights and interests of each other's nationals. The two sides will take necessary steps to curb illegal migration and facilitate normal exchanges.
11. Kyrgyzstan thanked China for the assistance it had provided over the years, which had played an important role in promoting economic and social development in Kyrgyzstan. The Chinese side reaffirmed its readiness to continue to provide assistance to Kyrgyzstan to the extent it is able.
12. The two sides believed that transportation cooperation, an important part of the bilateral relations, contributes to the growth of bilateral business ties. With this in mind, the two sides give high priority to the joint construction of the "Kashgar-Irkeshtam-Saleidashen-Osh-Andijan-Tashkent" highway. The two sides place special importance on China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan railway project under construction. The two sides will implement in concrete areas the Guidelines for Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic for 2004-2014 signed on 21 September 2004. The two sides will enhance capacity for transportation and transit transportation and provide mutual facility in railway, air and highway transportation.
13. The two sides will conduct cooperation in environmental protection and take necessary measures to prevent pollution and ensure effective protection and proper utilization of trans-boundary rivers and other natural resources. The two sides agreed to work for the early conclusion of a bilateral cooperation agreement on the protection and utilization of trans-boundary rivers.
14. The two sides will increase exchanges in culture, social security, education, health, tourism, sports and information and support the exchanges and cooperation between youth organizations of the two countries. The two sides will facilitate and support mutual hosting of cultural days in 2007 and 2008.
15. The two sides held that increased exchanges between border provinces, oblasts, regions and cities enable people in the border regions to deepen mutual understanding, friendship and cooperation. The two sides will, on the basis of equality and mutual benefit, offer policy incentives to encourage border trade, strengthen consultation and exchanges and enhance cooperation in the border regions.
16. The two sides held that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has grown in strength in a changing international and regional environment. It is now an important platform for enhancing good-neighborly relations among its member states on the basis of mutual trust and mutual benefit. It is also an effective mechanism for maintaining peace, security and stability in the region and a key factor shaping the geopolitical process. The two sides will make unremitting efforts to enhance cooperation in security, economic and cultural fields within the SCO framework.
The SCO Summit to be held in Bishkek on 16 August this year will be another milestone in the history of the Organization and will inject new vitality into the Organization. The Treaty of Long-term Good-neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation among the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to be signed at the Summit will have a positive impact on the relations among the member states and the situation in the region.
17. The two sides stressed that the Central Asian countries have unique historical and cultural traditions, and that the international community should respect the independent choices of paths of development made by their peoples in accordance with their national realities. Stability, security, steady economic growth and social progress in the Central Asian countries are the common pursuit of all peoples in the region and serve their fundamental interests. China hailed the efforts Kyrgyzstan has made in promoting security, stability and development in Central Asia.
18. The two sides pointed out that China and Kyrgyzstan have common or similar positions on a number of major international and regional issues and expressed the resolve to strengthen cooperation within the framework of the United Nations and other international organizations. The two sides will strictly abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and other universally recognized norms of international law and work for the establishment of a new security structure of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and collaboration. The two sides held that international disputes should be resolved by peaceful means, that the United Nations should play the leading role in safeguarding world peace and security, and that the diversity of civilizations and development models should be respected.
19. The two sides agreed to maintain regular high-level exchanges. President Hu Jintao of the People's Republic of China expressed appreciation to the Kyrgyz side for its warm hospitality and extended an invitation to President Kurmanbek Bakiyev of the Kyrgyz Republic to visit China at a time convenient to both sides. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev accepted the invitation with pleasure.
Bishkek, 14 August 2007