Joint Statement Between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan
At the invitation of President Hu Jintao of the People's Republic of China, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan paid a state visit to the People's Republic of China from 15 to 19 April 2009. During his visit, President Nazarbayev attended the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2009.
President Hu Jintao of China and President Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan held formal talks in Beijing. Chairman Wu Bangguo of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council met with President Nazarbayev respectively during his visit. The two sides had in-depth exchange of views on China-Kazakhstan relations, tackling the international financial crisis and international and regional issues of mutual interest in a friendly atmosphere and a pragmatic spirit and reached broad agreement.
The two sides comprehensively reviewed and highly commended the growth of the bilateral relationship, and agreed that the establishment and development of China-Kazakhstan strategic partnership is conducive to peace, stability and development of the two countries and the region.
The two sides reaffirmed their commitment to the Treaty on Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan signed on 23 December 2002, the Joint Statement on Establishing and Developing a Strategic Partnership Between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan signed on 4 July 2005, and the Cooperation Strategy Between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan for the 21st Century signed on 20 December 2006.
Given the shared aspiration to advance the China-Kazakhstan strategic partnership in an all-round way, the two sides made the following statement:
1. The two sides reiterated that to continue to deepen China-Kazakhstan strategic partnership represents a foreign policy priority of the two countries and serves the fundamental interests of the two countries and their peoples. The two sides will maintain and strengthen political dialogue at the top leaders' and senior officials' level and expand cooperation in trade and economy, energy, transportation, science and technology, cultural and people-to-people exchanges and other fields.
2. The Kazakh side reiterated that Taiwan is an inalienable part of China, and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China. The Kazakh side opposes "Taiwan independence" in any form and supports China's peaceful reunification. The Chinese side highly appreciates the position of the Kazakh side.
3. The two sides agreed that economic cooperation and trade between the two countries have entered another important period for development. The two sides need to further enhance cooperation with greater efficiency and improve trade mix and cooperation mechanisms. The two sides will take active measures to ensure continued and steady growth of two-way trade and raise the total trade volume to a higher level. China supports Kazakhstan's accession to the World Trade Organization.
4. The two sides stated that they will implement the Program for Economic Cooperation in the Non-resources Sector Between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan signed on 18 August 2007 and the Plan for Implementation Measures of the Program for Economic Cooperation in the Non-resources Sector Between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan signed on 9 April 2008 in a timely manner. The two sides agreed to push for the implementation of specific cooperation projects in machinery manufacturing, transportation infrastructure, power station construction, petrochemicals, processing, pharmaceuticals and other fields.
The two sides stressed the importance of science and technology for the sustainable economic development of the two countries. The Kazakh side expressed the hope that the Chinese side would favorably consider participating in technology transfer to Kazakhstan. The two sides welcome the upcoming completion and operation of the Horgos International Border Cooperation Center and agreed to provide facilities for companies from both countries in their operation and cooperation in the center. The two sides agreed to promote cooperation between companies of the two countries in projects such as customs inspection equipment.
5. The two sides will further improve investment environment, actively support companies from the other side in doing business on each other's territory, including the border areas. The two sides will take effective measures to ensure the safety and lawful rights and interests of the nationals and corporations of the other side on each other's territory.
6. The two sides agreed that bilateral cooperation in the energy sector is entering a new phase of development. The two sides will provide full support and create necessary conditions to make sure that the China-Kazakhstan natural gas pipeline and the second phase of the China-Kazakhstan crude oil pipeline project (Kenkyak-Kumkol section) will be completed and put to use as scheduled. The Kazakh side welcomes the Chinese side's involvement in its oil and gas development project along the continental shelf of the Caspian Sea. The two sides will expedite the implementation of the Darkhan project and enter into principled agreement at an early date.
7. The two sides emphasized that they will fully tap the potential in cross-border railway, road and air transportation cooperation. The Kazakh side welcomes the involvement of Chinese companies in the construction of the Western Europe-Western China International Transit Corridor.
8. The two sides commended the progress made by the two countries in the proper utilization and protection of the cross-border rivers and welcomed the incorporation of the China-Kazakhstan Joint Committee on Cross-Border River Utilization and Protection into the China-Kazakhstan Cooperation Commission. The two sides will continue to resolve issues related to the utilization and protection of cross-border rivers through active consultation based on the principle of mutual benefit and with a highly responsible attitude.
9. The two sides pointed out that it is important to conduct people-to-people and cultural exchanges and reaffirmed their commitment to enhanced exchanges and cooperation in culture, education, health, art, tourism, sports, media and other fields.
10. The two sides agreed that the international financial crisis has seriously affected the economic development of all countries and the livelihood of their people. To curb the spread of the international financial crisis, the international community should work together to strengthen cooperation in international financial regulation, promote the reform of international financial institutions, increase the representation and say of developing countries in international financial institutions, encourage regional financial cooperation and improve the international monetary system.
The two sides applauded the timely and effective measures taken by the Chinese Government and the Kazakh Government to address the international financial crisis, and agreed to continue to work closely in the financial sector, strengthen financial regulation, share experience and information, enhance the capacity to fend off financial risks, work for steady and relatively fast economic growth of the two countries through active implementation of specific bilateral cooperation projects in economic, trade, energy and other areas, and make due contribution to world financial stability.
11. The two sides will continue to deepen strategic cooperation in international and regional affairs and foster a sound international environment for the development of the two countries. The two sides will further strengthen coordination and cooperation within such multilateral frameworks as the United Nations (UN), the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), and make joint efforts to promote peace, stability and development in the region and beyond.
The two sides reiterated the important role of the United Nations in maintaining world peace and stability and promoting common development. The two sides agreed that UN reform should focus on increasing the representation of developing countries and ensuring the rights of small and medium-sized countries and developing countries to participate in the UN decision-making process.
12. The two sides affirmed that they would, through cooperation within bilateral and multilateral frameworks, resolutely fight against the three forces, namely terrorism, separatism and extremism, transnational organized crimes and drug trafficking, and work together to address international and regional security threats and challenges. The Chinese side is happy to see an active role played by the Central Asian Regional Information Coordination Centre for combating the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors in Almaty.
13. The two sides highly commended SCO's rapid development and believed that it is an important factor for closer mutually beneficial cooperation among member states and greater regional stability and development. The two sides see SCO's development as an important strategic component of their respective foreign policy and stand ready to have close coordination within the SCO framework. The two sides support the signing of an MOU between the CICA Secretariat and the SCO Secretariat. The Chinese side will conduct a serious study on Kazakhstan's proposal of establishing a SCO emergency and disaster relief center in Kazakhstan.
14. The two sides believed that the many challenges faced by Afghanistan are interconnected, and the international community should work together to assist Afghanistan in its efforts to consolidate its government, strengthen its legal system and achieve post-war economic reconstruction, and provide the Afghan people with humanitarian assistance for the restoration of peace in Afghanistan.
15. Consistent with China-Kazakhstan traditional friendship, the Chinese side appreciates the aspiration of Kazakhstan to join the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). The Kazakh side highly appreciated this position of the Chinese side.
The Chinese side responded positively to Kazakhstan's initiative on holding the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions on a regular basis and would give favorable consideration to sending a delegation to attend the 3rd Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions to be held in Astana in July 2009.
16. The Kazakh side thanked the Chinese side for the warm hospitality and reception accorded to the Kazakh delegation. President Nazarbayev invited President Hu Jintao to pay a state visit to Kazakhstan at a mutually convenient time. President Hu Jintao accepted the invitation with pleasure.