Statement by Mr. CHEN Weixiong, Head of the Chinese Delegation OnDefeating and Breaking up Terrorism Organizations and Formations at the Counter-Terrorism International Conference
After the "911" tragety, countries all over the world have realized the serious impact and influence of terrorist activities. They have put more joint efforts to fight against terrorism and made some progress. However, some serious problems remain. The terrorist organizations continue to take new ways and means to avoid punishment.
First of all, I would like to outline the new features of terrorist activities as follows:
--The targets of terrorist attacks have extended from the developed countries to developing ones, from the hard targets to soft ones.
--In order to adapt themselves to the new situation, some terrorist organizations have been divided into smaller groups. Disguised by some legal identities such as charitable institutions, they are more difficult to be identified. Furthermore, terrorist groups in different regions have strengthened their contacts and collaboration among themselves.
--Terrorist groups have changed their strategies. Apart from conducting direct attacks, they pay attention to selling their ideology.
--Terrorist groups have various channels of financing. Besides illegal incomes from drug trafficking, arms smuggling and other organized crimes, they also get funds and supports through legal ways.
--Terrorist activities have gradually converted from pure revenge to some kind of political tool, aiming to pose influence both at home and abroad.
Against this background, we must consider taking firm counter-terrorism measures. The campaign against terror is a long-standing one and has a new character. Terrorists have no rules of game nor specified territorial boundary for violent actions, and often at no mercy of civilians or civil facilities. In order to win the war on terror, the international community should further enhance unity and cooperation, implement comprehensive measures domestically and abroad.
I would like to offer the following for consideration:
--Push the work of domestic legislation on counter-terrorism. Terrorist activity must be identified as serious crime. Relevant authorities should be provided with more investigative and other law enforcement power.
--Enhance the cooperation and coordination among relevant domestic agencies. Special agencies or mechanism for regular consultations on counter-terrorism should be established.
--Establish mechanism on early-warning and crisis management, improve the capacity of relevant staff in coping with emergencies and panics and maintaining the stability of society.
--Promote the awareness of the public about the serious consequence of terrorist activities, and improve their alertness and common sense on terrorism.
B. INTERNATIONAL MEASURES
All countries should show political will to cooperate with each other, treat the threats of terrorism in equal manner without double standards. Once a country takes counter-terrorism measures, it is expected to treat other countries' security concern and measures equally.
The leading and coordinating role of the UN Security Council and its Counter-Terrorism Committee and CTED should be enhanced.
A UN Counter-Terrorism coordinator should be appointed.
CTED is encouraged to be fully functional at the earlier possible date.
The UN is advised to draw up a comprehensive and systematic global strategy on counter-terrorism as soon as possible.
Cooperation between the UN and regional Counter-Terrorism organizations or institutions should be enhanced.
The list of the UNSC sanction committee should be regularly reviewed and updated. As the first step, terrorist groups or individuals identified by concerned regional organizations should be added to the above-mentioned list.
The CTC should emphasis on assistance, promote the best practices and enhance the capability of developing countries. Since different countries have different conditions, the international counter-terrorism experience can only be effective when it is suitable to the situation of a certain country.
The process of signing and ratifying 12 international counter-terrorism related Conventions should be accelerated.
The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism should be formulated as early as possible.
UNGA and UNSC resolutions on counter-terrorism should be strictly implemented.
The relevant regional organizations may establish counter-terrorism legal framework according to its own condition.
Current mechanism, such as INTERPOL should be fully utilized.
Information and intelligence sharing in different levels and fields should be encouraged, including establishing data bases, appointing national focal points and setting up mechanism of regular exchange at working level.
Countries with advanced satellite techniques should share the intelligence with others.
In addition to governments, civil societies and NGOs may also contribute to information sharing.
International framework of cooperation against financing for terrorism should be established. The anti-money laundering system should be fully utilized.
International conventions on AML should be drafted as soon as possible.
The mass media should be guided to avoid exaggeration, false information, in order to avoid probable panic in public.
Last but not the least, we must also bear in mind the important principles in our campaign.
Terrorism should be combated by looking into both its root causes and symptoms. The terrorism can only be uprooted through eliminating poverty and social injustice, properly settling regional conflicts, enhancing dialogues among different cultures and preventing extremism and intolerance.
Short-term achievement is not a complete success as counter-terrorism is a long-term fight. The side effects of counter-terrorism measures on normal trade and immigration should be limited to the least. Human rights and humanitarian laws should be respected in the war on terror.
Thank you , Mr. Chairman.