Important Achievements Are Made with President Hu Jintao's Visit to Australia and Attendance of the APEC Meeting
To Enhance Understanding, Increase Consensus and Advance Cooperation – Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi Introduces President Hu Jintao's Visit to Australia and Attendance of the APEC Leaders' Informal Meeting
From September 3 to 9, 2007, President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Australia and attended the 15th APEC Leaders' Informal Meeting, which was held in Sydney, Australia. Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi introduced the achievements of President Hu's trip to the accompanying journalists onboard the special plane on the way back to China.
Yang said that this trip is a major diplomatic move of China toward the Asia Pacific this year. The trip is rich, compact and efficient. President Hu attended more than 40 bilateral and multilateral events. Important achievements were accomplished with his trip.
I. Establishing extensive contacts and communications and promoting the growth of China-Australia relations
President Hu's state visit to Australia is a complete success and has fulfilled the expected goals of enhancing mutual trust, expanding consensus, deepening cooperation and embracing future. President Hu's policy recommendations on consolidating bilateral ties were actively echoed by the Australian side. Both sides agreed to strengthen mutual political trust, deepen economic and trade cooperation, expand cultural and personnel exchanges, enhance communication and coordination on regional and international issues and take the opportunity of the 35th anniversary of bilateral ties to further promote the all-round cooperation between China and Australia. President Hu and Prime Minister John Howard jointly declared the establishment of China-Australia strategic dialogue mechanism. The two countries issued a joint statement on climate change and energy and signed a number of contracts and agreements covering economy, trade, energy, judicature, culture and other fields, which will upgrade the bilateral pragmatic cooperation of mutual benefits to a new level. President Hu warmly welcomed the distinguished personages from Australia to attend the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. He also visited a farm family, had some small talk with them and built up friendship. During his visit, China announced presenting a pair of giant pandas to the Australia's Adelaide Zoo for cooperative research. The media in Australia claimed it the witness of the friendship between China and Australia and that the Australia people were overjoyed with it.
President Hu's trip was highly praised by all the circles in Australia. The Australian leaders said that the development of China is conducive to Australia and the world. Australia will keep being committed to the cooperation with China in all fronts. The business circle believed that the consolidated economic and trade cooperation between China and Australia will fuel the fast and sustained growth of Australian economy. The media commended that Hu's trip is a mutually beneficial and win-win journey and believed that Australia-China relations have entered a new era.
II. Expounding China's policy propositions and promoting cooperation in the Asia Pacific region
During meetings, addresses and dialogues, President Hu expounded the policy propositions of the Chinese government on major issues that have regional and international implications and demonstrated China's responsible attitude for seeking for constructive cooperation so as to guide the cooperation in the Asia Pacific region toward a healthy and balanced direction.
Climate change is the most prominent issue of the meeting. Although China is a developing nation, China's position and propositions attracted high attention. In the meeting, President Hu made a four-point proposal of adhering to tackling climate change through cooperation, adhering to sustainable growth, adhering to the leading position of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adhering to science, technology and innovation. President Hu proposed the establishment of forest recovery and sustainable management network in Asia Pacific and introduced the measures, achievements and objectives of China in controlling the emissions of greenhouse gases. It is the second time since the dialogue meeting between the leaders of G8 and developing countries that President Hu expounded China's position and propositions on climate change on the multilateral occasion and it is the first time that the Chinese government set forth concrete and pragmatic recommendations on cooperation in resolving climate change, which were warmly commented and strongly supported by all sides. The meeting adopted Sydney Declaration, reaffirming the commitments made by countries under UNFCCC, adhering to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and integrating China's initiative on forest recovery and management network. The international media had an extensive coverage of President Hu's remarks, commenting that China's initiative offered a new way of thinking of practical significance for the world to deal with climate change. This indicates that China's positive, balanced and rational policy propositions and recommendations were accepted and applauded by the Asia Pacific economies. The sincere efforts made by China in this regard contributed substantially to resolving climate change issue.
With respect to the cooperation process in Asia Pacific, President Hu pointed out that China advocates pushing the Doha round of negotiations toward a comprehensive and balanced outcome at an early date, moving toward the Bogor Goals and advancing regional economic integration at various levels and by various means for better and faster growth. In terms of the current economic development in Asia Pacific and the world, President Hu, from a strategic perspective, put forward the policy propositions aiming at promoting all-round cooperation and achieving sustainable development, including such measures as promoting the balanced development of global economy, building up a healthy multilateral trade system, offering stable energy supply, maintaining good natural environment, encouraging science, technology and innovation and strengthening education, under the theme of "Strengthening our community, building a sustainable future" in his address at the APEC Business Summit, which were applauded by the participants.
III. Introducing China's domestic and foreign policies and enhancing the understanding and trust of the international community
The international community paid high attention to the impact of China's economic development on the world. President Hu primarily introduced China's macro-economic situation and fundamental policies of implementing the scientific concept of development and striving to achieve the comprehensive economic and social growth. Hu expressed that China always sticks to a strategy featuring openness, mutual benefits and win-win results, supports the establishment of a fair and rational multilateral trade system, actively participates in regional economic cooperation, and promotes the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment in the Asia Pacific region. Hu pointed out that China will continue to transform the development mode of foreign trade, actively expand import, strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights, and propel the coordinated and balanced growth of export and import trade. Hu stressed that the Chinese government attaches great importance to improving product quality and ensuring food safety and has adopted a series of major measures. China wishes to work with other APEC members to expand cooperation and improve product quality and safety in international trade. These remarks received high attention from other countries and were widely covered by the media. President Hu's introduction increased the comprehensive understanding of the international community on China's peaceful, scientific and harmonious development.
IV. Engaging in high-level diplomacy and strengthening friendly ties with other countries
During the informal meeting, President Hu met with leaders of 9 Asia Pacific countries and reached wide consensus on strengthening bilateral friendly cooperation and enhancing coordination and cooperation in regional and international issues. President Hu had an in-depth exchange of views with U.S. President George W. Bush on promoting the constructive and cooperative ties and advancing economic and trade cooperation between the two countries. President Hu discussed with Russian President Vladimir Putin on enhancing China-Russia strategic partnership of cooperation, particularly the strategic cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. Hu and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke positively of the sound development of China-Japan ties and agreed to consolidate the pleasing momentum of improved bilateral ties and push forward the strategic relationship for mutual benefit so as to ensure bilateral ties toward a healthy and stable direction. President Hu and South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun agreed to take the opportunity of the 15 anniversary of bilateral ties to deepen the partnership of all-round cooperation between the two countries and maintain stability on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia. Hu and his Indonesian counterpart Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono discussed ways of expanding cooperation in energy, developing and strengthening the strategic partnership of good-neighborliness and promoting the development of strategic partnership between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). President Hu and Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo agreed that phased progress has been achieved in the joint development of the South China Sea by China, the Philippines and Vietnam, and hoped the three parties would continue to cooperate in the next phase and enhance cooperation toward substantial outcome at an early date. Hu and Prime Minister Michael Somare of Papua New Guinea (PNG) agreed to jointly push forward the friendly relationship between the two countries and with other South Pacific nations. President Hu and New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark agreed to strive for an early conclusion of the free trade agreement (FTA) talks between the two countries and the improvement of the comprehensive cooperative relations between China and New Zealand. Hu and Peruvian President Alan Garcia declared launching bilateral FTA negotiations. President Hu also exchanged views with leaders of other APEC members on global trade, climate change, the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, Iran's nuclear issue and Sudan's Darfur issue so as to find proper solutions to these issues.
V. Expounding China's solemn position on Taiwan and winning support from international community on the Taiwan question
During talks with leaders of Australia, the United States and Russia, President Hu reiterated that the Taiwan question concerns China's national sovereignty, territorial integrity and core interests. The Taiwan authorities flagrantly renewed separatist acts, such as tabling the proposal of "referendum on UN membership" and "joining the UN in the name of Taiwan," which severely undermine not only China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, but also peace and stability in the region. The leaders have reaffirmed their adherence to the one-China policy and expressed opposition to Taiwan authorities' activities seeking "a referendum on UN membership." During the meeting with the overseas Chinese, Hu said that China, with great sincerity, will do its utmost to safeguard peace and stability across the Taiwan Straits and promote a healthy development of cross-strait relations. China will never allow anyone to separate Taiwan from the motherland by any means. This is warmly echoed and strongly supported by the domestic public and overseas compatriots.
Yang Jiechi said that President Hu's trip is a major diplomatic move before the convening of the 17th CPC National Congress and it is of great significance to promoting the development of China-Australia relations, deepening regional cooperation in Asia Pacific and advancing the overall diplomatic situation in China.