Ministry of Foreign Affairs Holds a Briefing for Chinese and Foreign Media on President Hu Jintao's Upcoming Visit
On April 7, 2010, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs held a briefing for Chinese and foreign media. Vice foreign ministers Li Jinzhang and Cui Tiankai introduced the background, main activities and significance of President Hu Jintao's attendance of the summit on nuclear safety and the second summit of BRIC countries, state visit to Venezuela and working visit to Chile.
I. President Hu Jintao's Attendance of the Summit on Nuclear Safety
Cui said that President Hu Jintao, at the invitation of US President Barack Obama, will attend the summit on nuclear safety to be held in Washington, DC from April 12 to 13 and deliver a speech. As an important multilateral conference, the summit draws wide attention. It is understood that so far leaders or their representatives of 46 countries as well as heads of international and regional organizations, including the United Nations (UN), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Union (EU), have decided to attend the summit which will mainly discuss such issues as the terrorism threat, the responses of countries and the international community and the IAEA's role in the field of nuclear safety. The summit will issue the outcome communiqué and work plan.
He noted that the risk of proliferation and loss of nuclear materials is increasing with the rapid revival and development of nuclear power industry and wider application of nuclear materials and technologies. Meanwhile, the international security situation remains complex and the risks of terrorists and cross-nation crime organizations' acquisition of and illegal trafficking in nuclear materials and even of nuclear terrorism events cannot be ignored. In recent years, the international community has made active efforts to strengthen nuclear safety and reached a number of legal instruments, such as the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and its Amendment and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. The IAEA developed the nuclear safety plan. The UN Security Council also adopted Resolutions 1540 and 1887, requiring countries to take measures to prevent the weapons of mass destruction and related materials from falling into the hand of non-state actors.
As a major power of nuclear energy development, China attaches great importance to nuclear safety and opposes nuclear proliferation and terrorism. We have taken a series of effective steps to ensure nuclear safety and established relatively comprehensive nuclear safety regulations and monitoring system. We have actively supported and joined the international cooperation on nuclear safety and played an active role in the development of related international conventions on nuclear safety. We also maintain close exchange and cooperation with the IAEA and many countries.
China participated in the preparations for the summit in a positive and serious attitude and hopes the summit can further gather international consensus, increase countries' awareness of nuclear safety and push forward cooperation in that regard so as to ensure the security of nuclear materials and facilities, effectively prevent nuclear terrorism and help promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and sustainable economic development and maintain international peace and security.
Cui indicated that President Hu would deliver an important speech to the summit on nuclear safety. It will be the first time for a Chinese leader to expound opinions especially on the issue of nuclear safety on a multilateral occasion. In his speech, President Hu will explain the major significance of strengthening nuclear safety to guaranteeing the sustained and healthy development of nuclear energy and safeguarding international security and stability in response to the current international nuclear safety situation, introduce China's policy and practice on nuclear safety and put forward China's proposition on the international cooperation in meeting the challenge of nuclear safety. He will also hold bilateral meetings with US President Obama and other national leaders.
II. President Hu Jintao's Attendance of the Second Summit of BRIC Countries
Cui introduced that President Hu Jintao, at the invitation of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, will attend the second summit of BRIC countries in Brasilia from April 15 to 16. According to the agenda of the host country, participating leaders will mainly attend four activities, i.e. the welcome dinner, small meeting, large meeting and press conference to exchange views on the world economic and financial situation, the G20-related affairs, the reform of international financial institutions, climate change and the dialogue and cooperation of BRIC countries. During the summit, the four countries will hold a number of supporting activities including the entrepreneur forum, the meeting of development banks, the meeting of cooperatives and the seminar of think-tanks.
The impact of the international financial crisis still lingers and the world economy, despite showing signs of stabilizing and picking up, still faces many uncertainties because the foundation is not solid. Trade protectionism is prevalent in some places and the Doha Round negotiations are in no way smooth. Climate change, natural disasters and other global issues remain serious. The recovery of world economy will experience a slow process full of twists and turns. BRIC countries' population makes up 42.9% and GNP together account for 15.5% of world total. As important emerging markets, they are the major driving forces for world economic growth and have played an important part in addressing the international financial crisis and advancing the recovery of global economy. At the same time, BRIC countries all shoulder the arduous task of further stimulating their own economic development and improving their people's livelihood, hold identical or similar positions on global issues and attach high importance to strengthening and deepening the mutually beneficial cooperation.
BRIC has grown from an academic economic concept into a new cooperation mechanism of emerging powers and become a paradigm of cooperation among different countries, systems, models and civilizations. China always adheres to the principle of conducting "progressive, positive and pragmatic, open and transparent" cooperation among BRIC countries. We believe that the exchanges of views and closer cooperation among BRIC countries on the major issues concerning world economy and development can increase the voice and influence of emerging markets and developing countries as a whole and promote the development of multilateralism; stimulate the comprehensive and sustainable development of world economy; push the adjustment of international economic and financial system towards a fair and reasonable direction; help build a harmonious world with lasting peace and common prosperity. In particular, to reinforce BRIC dialogue and cooperation under the current global economic situation will not only benefit the four countries but also comply with the common expectation and interest of the international community.
He said that China will attend the summit in a positive and constructive attitude and hopes the meeting can achieve results in the following areas: first, to expand the strategic consensus and increase the strategic mutual trust among the four countries; second, to coordinate position on major global issues and jointly promote the recovery and sustainable growth of world economy; third, to push forward pragmatic cooperation and broaden and deepen the convergence of interests.
III. President Hu Jintao's Visit to Brazil, Venezuela and Chile
Li Jinzhang said that President Hu, at the invitation of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and President of Chile Sebastian Pinera, will attend the second summit of BRIC countries in Brasilia and pay a state visit to Brazil from April 14 to 17, pay a state visit to Venezuela from April 17 to 18 and a working visit to Chile on April 18. China and Latin American countries enjoy greater political mutual trust, wider mutually beneficial cooperation and broader cultural exchanges and maintain close communications and coordination in international affairs in recent years. China-Latin America relationship shows a sound momentum of all-round rapid development. The visit of President Hu to Brazil, Venezuela and Chile aims to deepen friendship, increase mutual trust, expand cooperation and seek common development and has great importance to strengthening China's friendly relations and deepening its mutually beneficial cooperation with the three countries and advancing the comprehensive progress of China-Latin America relations.
Li pointed out that China-Brazil relations have progressed steadily since the two countries established diplomatic ties in 1974. Brazil became the first developing country entering into strategic partnership with China in 1993. The successful exchange of visit between President Hu and President Lula in 2004 marks a new development stage of bilateral ties. The two countries enjoy frequent high-level contacts, deepening political mutual trust, improving bilateral cooperative mechanism, fruitful cooperation in various fields and close communications and collaboration in international affairs and key multilateral mechanisms. During his visit to Brazil, President Hu will hold talks with President Lula and meet with leaders of Brazilian parliament to exchange in-depth views on further developing China-Brazil relations and stepping up the bilateral cooperation on major global issues. The two sides will sign a 2010-2014 joint action plan and a number of cooperation documents on culture, science and technology, quality inspection, energy and finance.
Venezuela is an important Latin American country. Its relations with China have grown stably since the two countries established diplomatic ties 36 years ago. The two sides are engaged in friendly cooperation in various fields following the principle of equality, mutual benefit and common development. At present, Venezuela is China's fifth largest trade partner in Latin America. In 2009, the bilateral trade volume reached US$7.15 billion. China and Venezuela maintain sound cooperation in international and regional affairs. The upcoming visit will be President Hu's first state visit to Venezuela. During the visit, he will hold talks with President Chavez to share opinions on the development of bilateral relations and international and regional issues of common concern. The two sides will sign cooperation documents on energy, finance, electric power, culture and poverty eradication.
Chile is the first Latin American country establishing diplomatic ties with China. The bilateral relations have moved forward steadily since the two countries established diplomatic relations 40 years ago. President Hu's state visit to Chile in 2004 marks the establishment of all-round cooperative partnership between the two countries. In recent years, the bilateral relations have grown rapidly and comprehensively, with frequent high-level exchanges, increasing political mutual trust, deepening mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields and sound cooperation in international affairs. The China-Chile free trade agreement is being implemented smoothly and bilateral trade grows rapidly. Despite the impact of international financial crisis, the bilateral trade volume reached US$17.7 billion in 2009, hitting another historical record. At present, China is Chile's biggest trade partner in the world and Chile is China's second largest trade partner in Latin America. President Hu's visit to Chile reflects the good political will of the Chinese side of accelerating the in-depth development of China-Chile relations and supporting the earthquake relief efforts of the Chilean government and people. During the visit, President Hu will hold talks with President Pinera and meet with other Chilean leaders to exchange views on consolidating and deepening the bilateral all-round cooperative partnership.
Li and Cui also answered questions of journalists. Ma Zhaoxu, Director-General of the Information Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted the briefing which was attended by more than 100 Chinese and foreign journalists.