--State Councilor Yang Jiechi's Remarks on the Results of the Presidential Meeting
between Xi Jinping and Obama at the Annenberg Estate
On June 8, 2013, State Councilor Yang Jiechi held a briefing on the meeting between President Xi Jinping and President Obama at the Annenberg Estate, introducing the results of China-US presidential meeting and answering the reporters' questions.
Yang Jiechi said that on June 7 and 8, President Xi Jinping had a meeting with President Obama at the Annenberg Estate in California, America at the invitation of President Obama. This meeting is not only the first face-to-face contact and communication between the two heads of state after the two countries completed their leadership transition, but also a pioneering undertaking in high-level association between China and America.
Over the past two days, the two presidents have held two meetings, a working dinner and a walk together. The time of meetings and communication adds up to over eight hours. Their discussions cover a lot of subjects, ranging from their respective domestic situation and state governing experience, to China-US relations and international and regional issues, from political and security issues to economic and financial issues, from bilateral issues to some global issues of cyber security and climate change. In their discussions about cooperation without avoiding differences, they strive to be thorough and candid instead of trying to reach every aspect of a matter. It is unprecedented no matter in the time and quality of interaction, or the depth and breadth of communication, which reflects the great importance both sides attach to China-US relations, conforms to the requirement of the China-US relationship development in the new period and shows the strategic significance and global impact of China-US relations.
Through the meetings, the two heads of state enhance mutual understanding and trust, reach a series of important consensus, yield significantly positive results, point out the direction and plan the blueprint for the future development of China-US relations, as well as open up a new page of "transpacific cooperation" between China and America.
First, President Xi Jinping introduced to President Obama the governing idea and domestic and foreign policies of the Chinese government, reiterated that China will unswervingly adhere to the road of peaceful development, continuously deepen reform and open up the country, and strive to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Chinese dream aims to bring about economic prosperity, national renewal and people's well-being. Therefore, it is a dream of peace, development, cooperation and win-win results, identical to the American dream and beautiful dreams of people in other countries. The realization of the Chinese dream requires a peaceful and stable international and neighboring environment. In the process of the realization of its own dream, China will make contributions to the peace, stability and prosperity of the Asian-Pacific region as well as the whole world.
President Obama also introduced its governing idea, governing objective and priority agenda to Xi Jinping.
Second, the two heads both emphasized the importance of China-US relations, believing that China and America could embark on a new road different from that of conflicts and confrontation between great powers in history against the background of rapid global economic development and jointly weathering difficulties by various countries. Both sides agreed to work together to construct a new pattern of relationship between great powers on the basis of mutual respect, cooperation and win-win results for the benefit of the people of the two countries as well as the world. The international community also expects for the continuous improvement and development of China-US relations. A good cooperation between China and America is conductive to world stability and peace.
Third, both sides agreed to strengthen dialogue and communication at various levels and continuously enhance mutual understanding and trust. Both sides will continue to maintain close contacts through reciprocal visits, meetings, dialogue and correspondence, make efforts to realize exchange of visits, and hold similar meetings in good time in China.
The two presidents spoke positively of the important role of such significant dialogue mechanisms as China-US strategic and economic dialogue, high-level consultations on cultural and educational exchanges in expanding cooperation and controlling differences. They will instruct the two teams to strengthen coordination and cooperation so as to enable the 5th round China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue as well as the 4th China-US High-level Consultations on Cultural and Educational Exchanges in this summer to yield positive and practical results. China's Minister of National Defense and Foreign Minister will visit America in good time on invitation.
Fourth, both sides agreed to continuously strengthen practical cooperation between the two countries in such areas as economy and trade, investment, energy, environment, humanity and local affairs and deepen the overall pattern of interest converging. They agreed to reinforce dialogue and cooperation on the issues of climate change and cyber security, and give full play to the role of the relevant working groups. Both sides stressed the importance of improving and developing bilateral military relations and their desire to push forward the construction of a new pattern of China-US military relations. China will attend the 2014 RIMPAC on invitation.
Fifth, President Xi reiterated China's principled stand on Taiwan issue, stressing that Taiwan issue concerns the national feeling of 1.3 billion Chinese people and hoping that America would scrupulously abide by the three Sino-US Joint Communiques, stick to the one-China policy, support the peaceful development of the relations across the Taiwan Straits with its practical action, and stop selling weapon to Taiwan.
Sixth, the two presidents exchanged views on the situation in the Asian-Pacific region and the interaction between China and America in that region. Both sides thought that the Asian-Pacific region is where China and America share the most interests and have the most frequent interaction. Common interests far surpass differences in the Asian-Pacific region between China and America. Both sides should strengthen communication and coordination, reduce friction, strive to form a pattern of benign interaction and bring about development opportunities to China and America and even the whole region.
Seventh, the two presidents agreed to continue to deepen China-US cooperation in bilateral agencies, maintain close coordination and cooperation on international and regional hot issues, further strengthen cooperation on global issues and play an active role in promoting world peace, stability and prosperity.
In a word, it is a meeting of strategic, constructive and historic significance, which will exert a significantly positive influence on the future development of China-US relations, and peace, stability and prosperity of the Asian-Pacific region even the whole world.
Yang Jiechi also answered questions from the reporters.
Some reporter asked: What is the core meaning of a new pattern of relationship between the two great powers of China and America? And what is the striving direction?
Yang Jiechi said that the two presidents agreed to make joint efforts to construct a new pattern of relationship between the two great powers of China and America on the basis of mutual respect, cooperation and win-win results. This is an importance consensus reached by the two sides based on the worldly affairs, national conditions as well as the future development of China-US relations, reflecting the political wisdom and historical responsibility of China and America to open up a new pattern of relationship between great powers without stepping on the traditional road of conflicts between great counties in history.
Just as President Xi has pointed out, both as countries that have an important impact on the world, China and America should play an exemplary role in dealing with relationship between major countries. President Obama expressed that America welcomes China's peaceful rise as a great power. A peaceful, stable and prosperous China will be not only in the interest of China and America, but also in the interest of the whole world. America hopes to maintain strong cooperative relationship with China as equal partners.
With regard to the connotation of the new pattern of relationship between the two great powers of China and America, President Xi made a brilliant summarization with three sentences during the meetings:
First, seek no conflicts and no confrontation. This means to see each other's strategic intent from an objective and rational perspective, and insist on being partners rather than opponents. Properly handle contradictions and divergence through dialogue and cooperation rather than conflicts or confrontation.
Second, have respect for each other. This means to respect each other's social system and development road, respect each other's core interests and significant concerns and make common progress through seeking common points while reserving differences.
Third, conduct cooperation for win-win results. This means to abandon the zero-sum thinking, give consideration to the interests of the other side while pursuing its own interest, promote common development while seeking its own development and continuously deepen the interest converging pattern.
With regard to how to implement the principle of a new pattern of relationship between major countries into every aspect of China-US relations, President Xi put forward four suggestions: First, advance dialogue and mutual trust to a new level, institutionalize the practice of the meetings between leaders of the two countries in such multilateral occasions as the G20 and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and make good use of the over 90 existing inter-governmental dialogue and communication mechanisms. Second, open up a new situation of practical cooperation. America should take active measures to relax restrictions on the exportation of high-tech products to China, and advance a more balanced development of trade and investment structure of the two countries. Third, establish a new pattern of interaction between great powers. Both sides should maintain close coordination and cooperation on such international and regional hot issues as the situation of the Korean Peninsula and the Afghanistan issue, and strengthen cooperation in such areas as anti-piracy operation, transnational crime fighting, peacekeeping, disaster reduction and prevention, cyber security, climate change and space safety, etc. Fourth, explore new approach in controlling differences, and positively construct a new pattern of military relations compatible with the new pattern of relationship between the two great powers of China and America. President Obama actively responded to it and expressed that America places great importance to US-China relations and it is willing to construct together with China a new cooperative pattern between countries on the basis of mutual interest and mutual respect so as to cope with various global challenges together.
In general, China hopes that China and America will make joint efforts and steadfastly push forward the construction of a new pattern of relationship between great powers by following the direction pointed out by the two presidents.
Some reporter asked: Does the China-US Presidential Meetings cover such issues as cyber security, intellectual property protection and RMB exchange rate?
Yang Jiechi said that the two presidents held the second meeting this morning, mainly discussing the economic issues. The deepest impression left on me is that the two presidents both pay high attention to developing China-US economic relations, and they both believe there is enormous space and great potential for China-US economic cooperation.
During the meeting, the two presidents introduced their respective economic situation, macroeconomic policies, prominent problems in front of them as well as the striving direction for the next step.
Both sides believed that China and America have forged an economic relationship characterized by highly complementary structure and deeply converging interests. By seizing the present moment when the two countries are adjusting economic structure and promoting economic growth, both sides should give further play to their complementary advantages, tap new cooperative growth points and promote China-US economic relations to a new level. This is of great importance to the economic growth of the two countries even the whole world.
Both sides agreed to make full use of such mechanisms as the strategic and economic dialogue, joint commission on commerce and trade as well as provincial and state governor forum, strengthen policy coordination and promote practical cooperation.
Both sides spoke positively of the 9th round of China-US Bilateral Investment Treaty Negotiation held recently, agreed to actively push forward negotiation and provide a fair, transparent and stable policy framework for two-way investment. China hoped that America will create a fair environment for investment by Chinese enterprises in America.
Both sides agreed to expand local economic and trade cooperation. Several minutes ago, I attended the meeting between President Xi and Governor Brown. Brown introduced the situation on the economic and trade exchanges and cooperation between California and China, which is really exciting. At present, California's export volume to China ranks the first among the various states in America. In the customs territory in Los Angles, 40 percent of the total volume of trade between China and America is transacted. "Trade and Investment Cooperation Joint Working Group between Provinces in China and California, America" established not long ago is the first institutional platform for promoting local economic and trade investment cooperation between China and America. It is believed that China-US local cooperation will have more bright prospects and yield more fruitful results.
Both sides vowed to maintain coordination and cooperation within the multilateral and regional economic framework of the G20 as well as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, adhere to trade and investment liberalization, oppose protectionism, improve global economic governance and promote a forceful, sustained and balanced regional and global economic growth.
Both sides agreed to properly handle economic and trade frictions through dialogue and cooperation.
Both sides agreed to strengthen coordination and cooperation in the area of climate change and advance practical cooperation in this area through the climate change working group of the two countries. They also vowed to work together and with other nations via multilateral mechanisms, including the use of the expertise and institution of the Montreal Protocol, to gradually reduce the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and continue to include HFCs within the boundary of the related emission reports and calculation clauses of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.
With regard to cyber security, China pointed out that the Chinese government pays high attention to cyber security and objects to any form of hacker and cyber attacks. China is also a victim of cyber attack and firmly supports cyber security. On the issue of cyber security, China and America face common challenges. Instead of being a source of mutual suspicion and friction between China and America, cyber security should be a new highlight in the bilateral cooperation. Both sides agreed to strengthen dialogue, coordination and cooperation through the established network working group of the two countries, and through the main channel of the United Nations, to push forward the establishment of a fair, democratic and transparent international internet management mechanism and construct peaceful, safe, open and cooperative cyber space.
As for intellectual property protection, China stressed that the protection of intellectual property rights is not only a requirement for China in performing its international obligations, but also a requirement in constructing an innovation-oriented country and pursuing its own economic and social development. The Chinese government places great importance to the protection of intellectual property rights, and it will further improve the law and strengthen law enforcement, and render equal protection to the interests of enterprises from various countries in China.
With regards to RMB exchange rate, China said that RMB exchange rate is approaching an equilibrium interval, and China will continue to push forward the exchange rate forming mechanism reform. China also pointed out that the root of Sino-US trade imbalance does not lie in RMB exchange rate.
During the meetings, both sides also exchanged views on the issue of human rights. President Xi introduced China's view of human rights, and stressed that China has been paying attention to and promoting the development of the cause of human rights. China has made conspicuous achievements in its cause of human rights. With the economic and social development in China, the human rights cause will make greater progress.
Some reporter asked: President Xi Jinping has expressed in the opening remarks of the meeting that the major objective of this meeting is to carry out "transpacific cooperation". How did the two presidents define the interaction between China and America in the Asia-Pacific during the meeting?
Yang Jiechi said that the Asian-Pacific region is of particularly great significance to both China and America. For this time, the two presidents held the meetings in California known as "a door leading to Asia from America", which itself sends a positive signal that China and America are committed to dialogue and cooperation in the Asia-Pacific.
In April this year, during the annual meeting of Boao Forum for Asia, President Xi Jinping discussed together with the large numbers of distinguished guests from 43 countries and regions about the major program for the development of the Asian-Pacific region. Two months later, President Xi met with President Obama and visited the three countries of Latin America along the coast of the Pacific or close to it, which shows that China will continue to make constant efforts to promote transpacific cooperation, and is willing to work together with countries in and out of the region to safeguard peace and stability, push forward mutual beneficial cooperation and promote common development in the Asian-Pacific region.
Over the past 30 years, the situation in the Asia-Pacific has been generally stable and the economy has maintained rapid development. China and America should coordinate and cooperate with each other in order to maintain this favorable development momentum. Both sides believe that they should support the regional economic integration process in the Asia-Pacific and advance the construction of regional interconnection and interworking. Both sides vowed to strengthen coordination and cooperation within the regional multilateral framework.
Both sides believed that the two countries should keep close communication and coordination on the situation of the Asian-Pacific region and hotspot issues, emergencies as well as their respective policies on the Asia-Pacific. The two presidents exchanged views on the North Korea nuclear issue. President Xi reiterated the principled stand of China, emphasized that China insists on denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, persists in the safeguarding of peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula and adheres to the solving of the North Korea nuclear issue and the peninsula issue through dialogue and negotiation. China will continue to make unremitting efforts towards it. China and America share identical principled stand and overall objective on the North Korea nuclear issue. It becomes imperative to resume dialogue as soon as possible. China is willing to maintain close dialogue and cooperation with America.
President Xi expounded to President Obama China's principled stand on the issue of Diaoyu Island as well as the South China Sea dispute, emphasizing that China will steadfastly safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, meanwhile, China constantly proposes to handle and solve related issues through dialogue. It is hoped that the parties concerned will assume a responsible attitude, stop provocation and return to the track of properly handling and solving problems through dialogue as soon as possible.