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Lest We Forget, Cherish Peace

From Chinese Embassy in Tonga

2015/09/21

On 18 September, H.E. Ambassador Huang Huaguang publishes an article in Taimi to commonerate the 70th anniversary of the Victory of World Anti-Fascist War and Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. The full text as follows:

Lest We Forget, Cherish Peace

H.E. Mr. Huang Huaguang

Ambassador of the People's Republic of China in Kingdom of Tonga

The year of 2015 marks the 70th anniversary of the Victory of World Anti-Fascist War, as well as the 70th anniversary of the Victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. People from various nations organize different events to celebrate the victories to honour the sacrifice, remember the history and cherish peace.

The World War II is a catastrophe in the history of human beings and it's a desperate fight between the nations and peoples who love peace and justice and the ferocious fascist. More than 80 countries and regions, about 2 billion people were involved in the war, and the flames of war spread all over Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, causing unprecedented havoc for human civilization. It was also a great victory of justice over evil and progress over the reactionary. The peace-centered world order established after the war has a vast and broad influence on the progress of human civilization.

The war that engaged in China battlefield broke out earliest, but lasted longest. In 1931, the Japanese militarists invaded Northeast China. Since then Chinese people started the arduous fight against Japanese Fascism. After the full out-break of the WWII, China became the main battlefield in the east, resisted and pinned down the main land force and a certain parts of air and naval forces of Japan, and constrained the Japanese plan to further push forward in South Asia and South Pacific directions. Chinese people made great sacrifice for the enduring war. According to incomplete statistics, up to 35 million Chinese soldiers and civilians were killed or maimed during the war. The financial cost and property loss of China during the war is more than 100 billion USD and the indirect economic loss is over 500 billion USD (according to the currency exchange rate in 1937).

In the Anti-Fascist War, Tonga and China, as well as the United Kingdom, United States and Soviet Union all stood together as allies to fight back. Under the leadership of Her Majesty Queen Salote Tupou III, Tonga was one of countries that declared war against Germany at the beginning of WWII. To defend the country, Tonga organized her own military and encourage people to donate for the military resistance by United Kingdom against Germany. After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and started the Pacific War in 1941, Tonga declared war against Japan and worked together with armed forces from United States and New Zealand to prevent the aggression of Japan in South Pacific. In 1942, Tonga sent a group of soldiers to Solomon Islands, where two Tongan soldiers sacrificed in the war and made their contribution to the final victory. The armed forces established during the war was kept till now and became an important force to safeguard the national interest of Tonga.

An old Chinese saying goes, "the past, if not forgotten, serves as a guide for the future". As we commemorate the 70th anniversaries, we must never forget the calamity suffered by human society and civilization caused by the Fascist invaders. Yet, we remember history not to prolong hatred, but to take its guidance as we embrace the future, and to avoid a repetition of the tragedy of war. Chinese people as well as people around the world will make every efforts to protect the hard-earned peace order. Any attempt to manipulate the history and challenge the world order will not be accepted.

China and Tonga are members in the Asia-Pacific family. Both of us faces the important task of developing the economy and improving people's living standard and we know the great value of peace. China is ready to work together with Tonga to safeguard the peaceful environment in Asia-Pacific region and the world at large, and further promote our mutual beneficial cooperation to bring more profits to our people.

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