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Uphold International Consensus on Nuclear-Test-Ban, and Safeguard International Peace and Security

2017/09/23

On September 20, 2017, the 10th Conference on Facilitating the Entry Into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was held at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Representatives from 183 signatory and ratifying states were present. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres attended and addressed the conference. All sides spoke highly of status and role of the CTBT, mainly discussed measures for facilitating an early implementation of the Treaty, and agreed to adopt the Final Declaration. Director-General of the Department of Arms Control of the Foreign Ministry Wang Qun led a delegation to attend the conference.

Wang Qun said that since its conclusion twenty-one years ago, the CTBT has become one of the important pillars of the international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, and has made indelible contribution to safeguarding global strategic stability and the world peace. In the meantime, the international community has also seen more complexity in the current international security landscape, with mounting challenges to global strategic stability. Certain individual countries still conducted nuclear test explosions even after the conclusion of the Treaty, which has made it even more urgent for the early entry-into-force of the CTBT.

Wang Qun stressed that Chinese President Xi Jinping, in his address at the United Nations Office at Geneva this January, outlined the Chinese notion of "building a community of shared future for mankind, and achieving shared and win-win development". Facilitating the entry-into-force of the CTBT and promoting the realization of non-nuclear weapon world represent important steps in building a community of shared future for mankind. To this end, China would like to propose the following: Firstly, to pursue security for all and do away with any root causes of the possession and proliferation of nuclear weapons. Secondly, to safeguard the authority and effectiveness of the international nuclear non-proliferation system on the footstone of Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The extended indefinitely of the NPT in 1995 provided an important premise to achievement of the CTBT. Therefore, all sides need to advance an early entry-into-force of the CTBT, more practically maintain and enhance authority, universality and effectiveness of the NPT, and abandon pragmatism and multiple standards. Thirdly, to inject political vitality into the CTBT. The P-5 should honor the moratoria commitments they have entered into on nuclear test explosions. And it is essential all countries support the Treaty in a complete and comprehensive manner. Fourthly, to consolidate capacity basics in advancing the preparation for the implementation of the CTBT in a steady manner.

The CTBT has not entered into force since opened for signature in 1996. Signatory and ratifying states of the Treaty hold a conference on facilitating the entry-into-force of the Treaty every two years to build political momentum on promoting CTBT's entry into force.

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