On March 29, 2017, when attending the opening ceremony of the 4th International Arctic Forum in Arkhangelsk, Russia, Vice Premier Wang Yang pointed out in his speech that China is a participant, builder and contributor in Arctic affairs. China’s participation in Arctic affairs is guided by the three major policy principles of respect, cooperation and sustainability. "Respect" is to respect Arctic countries' sovereignty, sovereign rights, jurisdiction, tradition and culture of residents in the Arctic, rights and freedom of countries outside the region to carry out legal activities in the Arctic, and the international community's overall interests in the area. "Cooperation" is to work together with relevant countries to share opportunities, jointly meet with challenges, promote the improvement of multiple governance patterns in the Arctic, and actively carry out multi-level and wide-ranging international cooperation, so as to achieve mutual benefit and win-win results. "Sustainability" is to combine protection with development in the Arctic and balance the current interests and long-term interests to achieve harmonious coexistence and sustainable development between human and nature in the Arctic.