|South African Newspaper Mail & Guardian Published the Article Titled "Promote Ecological Progress"|
The full text is attached as follows:
In today's world, developed countries and developing countries alike are facing common global ecological challenges such as energy crisis and climate change.
Demographic, resource and environmental problems are becoming ever more acute. Take air pollution as an example:many metro cities, such as London and Los Angeles, have been once stricken by severed air pollution of varying degrees.
In some cities in
The Chinese government is keenly aware that ecological progress is of key significance to the survival and development of a nation and the world.
The Communist Party of China, during its 2012 national congress, gave ecological progress a more prominent position by incorporating it into the country's overall development plan alongside economic, political, cultural and social progress and by accelerating the building of a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society and a "beautiful"
The kind of ecological progress that China purses is to act according to the Scientific Outlook on Development, follow a new type of circular and sustainable industrialization with economical input, low energy consumption, limited emission and higher production, and make sure that the utilisation of land, the industrial structure, the way of production and life are resource-conserving and environmentally-friendly.
The Chinese government has recently promulgated the National Plan for Priority Development Zones to optimise the use of national territory to better balance demographic, economic, resource and environmental demands.
This Plan pushes localities to improve their local development plans according to the categories specified, and scaled up the balanced transfer payment to agriculture-focused areas, mid-and-western regions, poor areas, key ecological conservation areas and natural reserves. By 2020,
Unremitting efforts have been made by the Chinese government in recent years to promote sustainable development.
Documents including the National Climate Change Programme, the National Action Plan for Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction in the 12th Five-Year Plan Period, and the Action Plan for Air Pollution Prevention and Control have been issued.
During the 11th five-year plan period (2005-2010), China's energy consumption per capita GDP was reduced by 23.6%, amounting to a total reduction of 1.8-billion tons of carbon emission and stood as the largest emission reduction program ever done by a single country.
It is estimated that by 2020,
In recent years, the Chinese government has been working to accelerate the change of pattern of economic growth, and boost ecological progress by developing new and renewable energy and promoting environmental protection.
Great importance has been given to the development of hydro power, nuclear power, solar power and bio-energy, and with a more balanced utilisation of clean energy, it is estimated that by the end of the 12th five-year plan period, non-fossil fuels will account for 11.4% of China's total primary energy consumption and 30% of China's total installed power capacity.
The ongoing 16 ecological restoration programs which involve the three natural ecosystems of forest, wetlands and desert covering about 63% of Chinese territory.
The investment involved in 2012 reached RMB140 billion (around R232 billion). It can be regarded as the largest ever eco-programme in the world given the total size, scale and investment.
The Chinese government is also waging public awareness campaigns to guide consumers' behavior and nurture a good sense of conservation, environment protection and eco-protection so as to formulate social consensus in this regard.
Promoting a better eco-system and building a beautiful
The Chinese government will follow to the basic national policies of resource conservation and environmental protection, and be more active in developing a green, circular and low-carbon economy, so as to leave future generations a beautiful homeland with green fields, clean water and blue skies.
At the same time,