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China's 2010 national population census

1. China's mainland population grows to 1.3397 billion in 2010: census data

BEIJING, April 28 (Xinhua) -- China's population has increased to 1.37 billion, including 1.3397 billion on the mainland, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Thursday.

The new population figure for the Chinese mainland was 73.9 million more than that of 2000, when China conducted its fifth national census, according to data from the sixth census released by the NBS.

The census data shows an annual average population growth of 0.57 percent over the past decade (2000-2010) on the Chinese mainland, slower than the growth rate of 1.07 percent from 1990 to 2000, said Ma Jiantang, director of the NBS.

"The rate indicated the momentum of fast growth in our population has been controlled effectively thanks to the family planning policy," Ma said, adding: "This has eased the pressure on resources and the environment and laid a relatively good foundation for steady and rapid economic and social development in China."

When asked about China's family planning policy that started in 1980, Ma said China had made great achievements in family planning work by effectively controlling excessive population growth.

"But we also need to pay close attention to the new changes of our population structure, adhering to the family planning policy while cautiously and gradually improving the policy to promote more balanced population growth in the country," Ma said.

He described the upward aging population trend, an expanding floating population and the high boy-to-girl sex ratio among newborns as three major challenges China faced last decade.

China's mainland population living in urban areas totaled 665.57 million, or 49.68 percent of the total, up by 13.46 percentage points on the 2000 figure, while the population categorized as rural population stood at 674.15 million, said the bureau.

According to the NBS, the proportion of permanent residents living in the eastern mainland regions rose by 2.41 percentage points over the last decade to 37.98 percent, while less people were living in the central, western and northeastern parts.

The falling birth rate and increasing floating population of migrant workers led to a declining number of 3.1 persons for each core household on average on the mainland, compared with 3.44 persons in 2000, according to the census data.

Also, the proportion of Han Chinese residing on the mainland had dropped to 91.51 percent, or 0.08 percentage points lower than that in 2000.

The census data shows the growth rate of the aging population on China's mainland had increased with people aged 60 or above accounting for 13.26 percent, while juniors aged below 14 made up 16.6 of the total.

The census data also shows that the illiteracy ratio on the mainland declined to 4.08 percent in 2010 from 6.72 percent in 2000.

To break down the census data by regions, Guangdong, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces were the top five largest populated regions on China's mainland.

As the world's most populous country, China launched its month-long sixth national population census on its mainland from Nov. 1 last year, mobilizing more than six million census takers to go door to door and visit over 400 million households across the country.

Statistics on the population in China's Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan were provided by authorities in those regions in 2000.

2. 593,832 foreigners live on Chinese mainland: census data

BEIJING, April 29 (Xinhua) -- A total of 593,832 foreigners were living on the Chinese mainland at the end of 2010, data from the sixth national census released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Friday shows.

The top three home countries of the foreigners were the Republic of Korea (ROK), the United States and Japan.

Foreigners on the Chinese mainland were surveyed for the first time in the once-in-a-decade census. But those on short-term business or sight-seeing trips were not covered.

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