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Article Blasts U.S. for Backing Dalai's Separatist Activities

BEIJING, May 25(Xinhuanet) The Human Rights Society of China published an article Friday , lashing out at the United States for its support of Dalai clique's separatist activities. Facts demonstrate that the Dalai Lama has become a tool of the U.S. to "contain" China, says the HRSC article, titled "Looking into U.S. Support for Dalai Clique's Separatist Activities".

With the support of anti-China forces in the United States and other western countries , the article says , the Dalai clique has stepped up activities to split Tibet from the motherland. It says that the U.S. President , Secretary of State and other senior officials met with Dalai Lama recently in disregard of China's strong opposition. The meeting , and the recent appointment of an undersecretary of state as special coordinator for Tibetan affairs by the U.S. State Department, and the introduction of a so-called Tibetan policy bill by the U.S. Congress constitutes a gross interference in China's internal affairs, the article stresses. The moves have aroused great indignation from the Chinese people, including Tibetans, and attracted worldwide attention, the articles says.

The article reviews the history of U.S. support for Tibetan separatist forces, saying that the U.S. began to poke its nose into Tibet a long time ago. Since the 1940s in particular , the U.S. had step by step reinforced its instigation and support of ethnic separatist activities started by Tibetan aristocrats. In the meantime , the United States walked from behind the scene to openly instigate and support the Tibetan separatist activities.

In the 1940s, the U.S. government instigated a Tibet separatist force into participating in a regional conference in India as "an independent state". In a flagrant violation of international practices, the article says, the United States government ordered, in the 1940s , its consulate in Hong Kong to issue entry visas to members of a " Tibetan commercial delegation" for them to launch "Tibetan independence" activities in the United States without the consent of the Chinese national government.

The article notes that the U.S. instigated the Tibetan upper- class separatist force to expel Chinese residents from Tibet to try and split the region from China , while notifying the U.S. press saying the United States is prepared to "recognize Tibet as an independent and free state".

Quoting U.S. media reports, the article says a group of people were sent to Tibet by a U.S. intelligence agency in September 1941 on the excuse of inspecting a highway , with letters and gifts from the then U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt for the Dalai Lama. After three-month stay in Tibet , the team made a secret proposal to the U.S. Administration that the United States should support Tibet bypassing the Chinese government, according to the article.

In late 1943, the intelligence agency was ordered to send a set of wireless communications equipment to Lhasa and transport some materials originally earmarked for military assistance by air to Tibet, the articles says.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the United States backed and instigated the upper-class separatist group to prevent , through the use of force , the Chinese People's Liberation Army from entering Tibet,and planned three times for the Dalai Lama to flee overseas for so- called "political asylum" , says the article.

It says the U.S. later instigated the Tibetan separatist force to launch armed rebellion, helping the Dalai clique set up armed forces called "Four Rivers , Six Gorges ," the religion protection army. The U.S. also provided financial assistance for the India and the Dalai clique to establish a joint military force, known as " Indian and Tibetan special border guard forces ," it says.

In the meantime , manipulated by the United States , the United Nations adopted three resolutions on the so-called Tibetan issues in its bid to internationalize the Dalai issue , a matter of China' s internal affairs , and invite countries to exert joint pressure on China, the article says.

In recent years , many people in the United States and other countries, including experts , scholars and those personally involved revealed a great deal of information on what the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) did in the past to instigate and support the Dalai clique's separatist activities.

Jim Mann wrote in the International Outlook , a magazine published in the United States, that "In 1951, the Truman administration secretly tried to persuade the young Dalai Lama to leave Tibet for exile , hoping that he could serve as a catalyst for political opposition to China's new Communist regime." "The Americans who negotiated (with the Dalai Lama's brother) in 1956 probably did make promises to back Tibetan independence." "For years, during the 1950s and 1960s , the CIA actively backed the Tibetan cause with arms , military training, money, air support and all sorts of other help."

In the issue of the U.S. magazine , Newsweek , published on August 16, 1999 , Melinda Liu, wrote that the CIA planned the armed rebellion in Tibet in March , 1959 and Dalai Lama's leave for exile,and offered military training to Tibetans. As a matter of fact , "the covert war began as far as 1956 ," Liu wrote.

Liu went on to say that John Kenneth Knaus, who handled Tibetan matters at the CIA from 1958 to 1965, recently published a book on Tibet called "Orphans of the Cold War." "Under a full moon in October 1957, the first two-man team of CIA-trained Tibetans took off from a grass airstrip in East Pakistan. Beginning in 1958, American operatives trained about 300 Tibetans at Camp Hale in Colorado. The trainees were schooled in spy photography and sabotage, Morse code and mine-laying. Between 1957 and 1960 , the CIA dropped more than 400 tons of cargo to the resistance," the author wrote. "Under the Kennedy administration , the CIA moved the covert program to Mustang, a remote kingdom in Nepal surrounded by China on three sides. The guerrillas ran hit-and-run operations into Tibet. The Tibet operation was costing Washington 1.7 million U.S. dollars a year, according to intelligence documents," the book revealed.

Quoting Americans involved in the operations, the Hong Kong- based Far East Economic Review reported it is the CIA that masterminded the Dalai Lama's fleeing from Tibet , American spy planes also intruded several hundred miles deep into Tibet to provide air support for Tibetan separatists, dropping food , maps ,radios and money. The plane also launched attacks against the positions held by Chinese armed forces and filmed this operation, which were seen by many Americans, according to the magazine.

Quoting Tibetan veterans such as Nawang Gayltsen and U.S. intelligence experts , the Chicago Tribune has reported that between the late 1950s and the mid-1960s , hundreds of trained Tibetans were parachuted back into Tibet with submachine guns and neck lockets with photos of the Dalai Lama. Some CIA trainees ended up commanding an army of 2,000 Tibetan resistance fighters, according to the report.

In an article titled "The CIA in Tibet" published on February 8 , last year by the U.S. newspaper the Globe and Mail, Rigzin Dolkar gave a very detailed account of the support the CIA offered to the Dalai Lama. In an article titled "The Dalai Lama on Succession and on the CIA", which was published in the New York Review of Books ,Jonathan Mirsky wrote that the Dalai Lama said during an interview with him that "without the CIA they couldn't have done that clearing , and without the clearing I wouldn't have been able to escape from Tibet."

In the 1970s, in order to improve its relations with China ,the U.S. administration refrained from backing the Dalai clique ,but the anti-China forces in the United States along with the anti- China elements in the Congress in particular , have never stopped their effort to support Tibetan separatists.

The article says that since 1979 when the Dalai Lama was allowed to visit the United States , the U.S. government, out of its anti-China needs , has listed the so-called Tibetan issue as an important part of its strategy to "contain" China , supported the separatist clique in a flagrant way, and mustered the anti-China forces in other Western countries in an attempt to undermine China 's stability on the pretext of the "Tibetan issue."

Since the Cold War was over , and recent years in particular ,the United States and other Western countries , have launched vicious attacks on China by distorting the actual conditions in Tibet and China's policies toward Tibet, taking advantage of such issues as minority nationalities, religion, human rights and the environment , says the article.

Under the disguise of promoting for negotiations, these Western countries have intensified their support for the Dalai clique ,resulting in growing separatist activities of the Dalai clique for Tibetan independence, it says.

The U.S. support for the Dalai clique's separatist activities has seriously hurt the feelings of the Chinese people ,particularly that of the Tibetans , and has become an important factor hindering the smooth development of Sino-U.S. relations,the article says.

The article accuses the United States of carrying out a two- faced policy in regard to the Tibet issue. On the one hand, the article says, the United States acknowledges that Tibet is part of China; on the other, it supports , by hook or by crook, the Dalai clique's activities for Tibetan independence in order to pursue its policy of containing China.

In the article, the Human Rights Society of China slams political figures in the United States for supporting the Dalai Lama under the pretext of religion , saying that the United States insists on allowing Dalai Lama to visit the country knowing he is indulged in activities aimed at separating Tibet from China.

The article cites a report carried in the New York Times in August 1999 as saying that during the 15 years between 1979 and 1994 , the Dalai Lama visited the U.S. once every two to three years , but from 1994, the number of his visit to the United States became once a year , twice in 1997 , and three times in 1999. And since former U.S. president George Bush met with the Dalai Lama during his U.S. trip in April 1991 , U.S. president and vice- president convened with him every time when he came to the United States.

The article accuses the U.S. State Department of approving the establishment of two representative offices of the Dalai clique in Washington and New York, respectively , and appointing senior officials as the so-called special coordinator for Tibetan issues. In January 1999 , the U.S. State Department announced Julia Taft was appointed the new special coordinator for Tibetan affairs. To increase the support for the Dalai clique, the U.S. State Department announced during Dalai's visit that year that Undersecretary of State Paula Dobriansky was concurrently special coordinator for Tibetan affairs.

Officials of the U.S. State Department have publicly attacked China's policies towards Tibet and the situation in Tibet , and exerted pressure on China in various ways while supporting the Dalai clique, says the article. It says the U.S. State Department also attacks China through its annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices and the its annual report on International Religious Freedom , vilifying that " the Chinese government authorities continued to commit serious human rights abuses in Tibet."

The article says the anti-China elements in the U.S. Congress and some state legislatures also support the Dalai clique's separatist activities by adopting amendments and bills advocating "Tibetan independence" or holding hearings on the "Tibetan issue."

In June 1987, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill of amendment , in which it went so far as to accuse China of occupying Tibet through the use of force and ruling Tibet through violence, the article says.

On May 23 , 1991 , the U.S. Senate adopted a resolution describing Tibet as "an occupied country ," and the expression also appeared in a foreign policy bill signed by then president of the Untied States. The U.S. Congress involved in convening three "World Parliamentarians Convention on Tibet" in 1994-1997 , using it to attack China's policy on Tibet and support the Dalai clique's separatist activities.

In April 1997 , the Third World Parliamentarians Convention on Tibet in Washington passed the Washington Statement on Tibet. The convention "emphasized its recognition of the Dalai Lama and his government as the sole legitimate representatives of the Tibet and the Tibetan people." It also called on the governments of the participating countries to support the Dalai Lama and suggested the United States and related European countries provide financial support to the Dalai Lama.

In 1997 , the U.S. Congress proposed or passed a dozen bills involving the "Tibetan issue," and in 1999 , the anti-China elements in the House of Representatives proposed more than 70 anti-China bills , quite a few of which involved the "Tibetan issue," the article says.

The article says the U.S. Congress also held a lot of so-called hearings on the "Tibetan issue." In 1999 alone, over 50 such hearings were held, and at which "Tibetan representatives" designated by the Dalai clique were often invited and given opportunities to spread rumors in favor of the separatist forces.

The United States also used various so-called non-governmental organizations to advocate and support "Tibetan independence" under the pretext of "democracy, freedom and human rights." The article points out that many such organizations have an official background, or have the political support or even funding of the U.S. government, acting as tools of the U.S. government to support the Dalai clique's separatist activities.

On June 24, 1998, the International Committee of Lawyers for Tibet claimed in its report that Tibet has the right to get independent and China's "occupation" of Tibet is against international law. The Human Rights Society of China says the International Committee of Lawyers for Tibet appears to be authorities on international laws, but it was set up by an American intelligence organization in 1949 for anti-Communist activities and it recruited spies in east European countries. In 1958-1964, the CIA provided it with grants totaling at least 650,000 U.S. dollars. It is not difficult for people to see the true colors of these so-called non-governmental institutions that campaign for Tibet, the article says.

The article also accuses the U.S. of influencing, using or even financing some media organizations to generate publicity for the separatist activities of the Dalai clique. Though the United States brands itself as a country enjoying the freedom of press and speech, but many media organizations have openly taken sides with the Dalai clique in their reports, and even actively spread sensational rumors fabricated by the Dalai clique, while turning a deaf ear to the actual conditions of Tibet, the article says.

It cites a survey conducted by an American professor of history as showing that the ratio of stories published by the newspaper the USA Today in favor of the Dalai Lama and those explaining China's positions is 10 to one.

The anti-China forces with the American film industry have played up the so-called Tibetan issues in recent years by producing such films as "Kundun" and "Seven Years in Tibet," which distort facts and confuse right and wrong, the article says.

It says the U.S. Congress has approved funding in one million U. S. dollars to the Voice of America and Radio Free Asia, which broadcast in the Tibetan language and advocate "Tibetan independence," among other things. The United States has been providing financial support for the Dalai clique's separatist activities, and the secret funding arrangements were often disclosed by the press from time to time, the article says.

It quotes the Associated Press as reporting on October 1, 1998 that in recent years, the U.S. Congress has approved two million U. S. dollars annually in funding for Tibetan exiles in India.

Everyone knows that governments worldwide recognize that Tibet is an indivisible part of China's territory, the article says. After it defected abroad, the Dalai clique set up an "exiled government" for the purpose of "Tibet Independence", trying in vain to resume in Tibet the serfdom system that was overturned by the Tibetan people. Over the past 40 years, the "exiled government" has never stopped activities to separate the motherland.

The Dalai Lama, as a Philippines-based newspaper pointed out in 1996, called himself a Buddhism follower, but if he is concerned about Tibetan Buddhism and Tibetan people, he should stop political activities for independence outside China. Actually, the Dalai is playing political tricks in Lama's cassock, the newspaper said. What he said is to seek independence through peaceful ways, but what he dreamed is to reestablish the rule of feudalism in Lamaism. Rupert Murdoch, the chairman of News Corporation, said in 1999 that Dalai is "a very political old monk shuffling around in Gucci shoes."

Some western countries, including the United States, on the one hand recognize that Tibet is a part of China. But on the other hand, they secretly support the separating activities of the Dalai clique. After the Cold War, some Western countries headed by the United States granted Dalai the Nobel Peace Prize, intending to make use of Dalai as a political tool and change the Tibetan issue into an international one.

Safeguarding unification, combating against separation, wiping out slavery, and liberating slaves is the justice principles commonly recognized in the world, the article says.

Obviously, the U.S. support for The Dalai clique's separatist activities is against these principles. The Constitution of the United States bans separatist activities in all forms. To fight against the splittism and slavery system in southern states, the U.S. federal government launched the Civil War starting from 1864 and lasting for four years, which cost 15 billion U.S. dollars and adopted the most advanced weapons. About 1.1 million people were killed or injured during the war. Lincoln, who initiated the war, therefore to present time gained respects and praise by the American government and people.

However, some people in the political and media circles of the United States today takes a contrary standpoint on China's fights against Tibet's separation and slavery. The Chinese central government and the local government of Tibet signed the agreement on Tibet's peaceful liberation and realized the peaceful liberation in the region.

It is the Dalai clique that tore up the agreement, drummed for "Tibet independence" and launched the armed rebellion, the article points out. The Chinese government took actions to subside the clique's rebellion, abolish the savage slavery and free one million slaves and serfs in Tibet. These actions were condemned invading Tibet and infringing human rights by these people in the political and media circles of the United States, who made up a so called "Tibet issue" later on and gather together with international anti-China forces to carry out long-term support on Dalai clique's separation activities.

The United States' practice on its civil affairs and domestic issues of China is a typical double standard, the article says. The condemnation by the United States and the Dalai clique violates objective facts. Since Tibet's peaceful liberation 50 years ago, the autonomous region has experienced a progressive development. The abolishment of slavery in Tibet has not only provided freedom for one million slaves and serfs but also made them become masters of their homeland with real democracy, freedom and human rights.

The Chinese government carries an ethnic autonomous system in Tibet. People of Tibetan ethnic group together with other ethnic groups in China have equal administrative rights on the national and regional affairs. The Chinese government has also made considerable efforts to protect and develop Tibetan culture. In addition, the economic development and people's living standard are greatly improved thanks to the aid of the central government.

Now, the social development and protection of human rights in Tibet is at the best time in the region's history, the article says. The purpose of the United States' defying Tibet's development and progress and acting in collusion with the Dalai clique, the article says, is to make deliberate use of the so-called Tibet issue to thwart China's development.

A Hong Kong-based newspaper says that in recent years, Dalai became the busiest monk in the world, being given awards, delivering speeches, being covered or interviewed in Western countries such as the United States. The major reason for Dalai's busy activities is that he represents a force against China. The "Tibet issue" is a weapon against China in the eyes of some Western countries, the newspapers notes, without this value, Dalai will never be attractive to these countries.

According to another article in the newspaper, as a religious and social leader in Tibet, the position of the Dalai Lama is always political. In the United States, a self-centered country, the Dalai is a heretic and his religious power or Buddhist allegory can never be believed there. Seeking self-interest and inclement political intentions is the goal, which is the reason why the country favors the monk.

Tom Grunfeld, professor of history at Suny Empire State College in New York, said in an essay that U.S. policy has done little to help resolve the Tibet issue. Washington's policy ignores Tibet's complex history, is driven by domestic politics, and is inherently contradictory. While officially recognizing Tibet as part of China, the U.S. Congress and White House unofficially encourage the campaign for independence." "But the vociferous U.S. opposition to communist China ... pressured the White House to open some space in its public diplomacy for the Tibetan issue, resulting in yet another irritant in Sino-U.S. relations," the essay said. "U.S. public diplomacy skirts the independence issue, focusing on criticizing human rights abuses, " said the essay, adding such initiatives as the establishment of Radio Free Asia (RFA), the 1998 appointment of a special coordinator for Tibet, and invitations to the Dalai Lama to visit the White House convinced people that the U.S. is dedicated to "Tibetan independence". Washington must acknowledge the significant gains in personal freedom for the vast majority of China's citizens, and recognize the dramatic changes that have taken place in Tibet, the professor said. More realistic policies can help bring about a peaceful resolution of the Tibet issue, which is in the interests, and to the benefit, of all Chinese, and ultimately, the whole world, the professor noted. Washington, and especially Congress, must end its China-bashing and portrayal of China as a major threat to the United States.

Facts show that the separatist activities of the Dalai clique is closely linked with the need of the anti-China forces in the United States. The Dalai Lama is a chess piece for the United States to "contain" China, the article says. The article says the United States' support for the Dalai clique and focus on the Tibet issue is in no case a concern for Tibet's culture, religion and human rights. It is all for the political purpose of its anti-China campaign.

The United States has become the chief supporter of the Dalai clique's splittist activities, the article says, adding that the Dalai Lama was driven to become a faithful tool for the United States' anti-China force. U.S. support for Dalai clique's separatist activities is a breach of the U.S. government's principled stance that Tibet is part of China, the article says.

With a view of the overall situation of Sino-U.S. relations and the basic benefits of peoples of the two countries, the U.S. should self-examine its actions involving the Tibet issue and stop abetting and supporting the Dalai clique's separatist activities, the article concludes.

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