On the afternoon of September 17, 2021, President Xi Jinping attended the Meeting on Afghanistan of the Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in Beijing via video link and delivered an important speech.
Xi Jinping pointed out that the situation in Afghanistan has undergone fundamental changes recently, which have had an important impact on the international situation, regional structure, and security and stability. At present, Afghanistan is facing many difficulties and challenges. It is an urgent task for all the Afghan people to restore normal order as soon as possible and achieve a soft landing of the situation. The international community and regional countries also need to pay close attention. The member states of the SCO and the CSTO are close neighbors of Afghanistan, and we are within a community for a shared future and shared security. We should play our role in critical moments and join hands to safeguard peace and stability which are more precious than gold.
Xi Jinping emphasized that the affairs of a country are decided by the people of the country, and international affairs are handled by everyone through consultation. We should, under the premise of respecting Afghanistan's sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity, support the implementation of the "Afghan-led, Afghan-owned" principle and let the Afghan people independently decide the future and destiny of their own country. The SCO and the CSTO should give full play to the unique advantages and respective influences of their member states, adhere to the general direction of politically resolving the Afghan issue, and promote Afghanistan to stop chaos and resume stability, so as to embark on the path of peace and reconstruction, and ultimately achieve universal security, common security, cooperative security, and lasting security in the region.
Xi Jinping put forward a three-point proposal.
First, promote the smooth transition of the situation in Afghanistan as soon as possible. Support all parties in Afghanistan to reach inclusive political arrangements at an early date through dialogue and consultation. It is necessary to continue to pay attention to the trends of terrorist organizations in Afghanistan, and urge relevant parties in Afghanistan to resolutely crack down on and eradicate terrorist organizations in the Afghan territory and prevent terrorist forces in Afghanistan from wreaking havoc.
Second, contact and talk with Afghanistan. Interact with all parties in Afghanistan from a rational and pragmatic perspective, and facilitate a new political structure that is more open and inclusive, and adopts moderate and prudent domestic and foreign policies and develops friendly relations with other countries, especially its neighbors.
Third, help the Afghan people tide over the difficulties. Provide the Afghan people with timely humanitarian and anti-pandemic support, to help them ease their worries and difficulties. China has announced that it will deliver a batch of emergency relief supplies as soon as possible and will continue to provide more assistance within its capacity. As the instigators of the difficult situation in Afghanistan, certain countries should especially draw lessons from the past and shoulder their due responsibilities for Afghanistan's future development.
In conclusion, Xi Jinping stressed that China is willing to strengthen communication and coordination with relevant parties and work together to support the Afghan people in pursuing a bright future and safeguarding lasting peace and stability in the region.
The meeting was chaired by Tajik President Emomali Rahmon and attended by Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan of Armenia, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko and Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the meeting via video link.
Ding Xuexiang, Yang Jiechi, He Lifeng and others attended the meeting.
Wang Yi attended the meeting in Tajikistan as a special representative of President Xi Jinping.