|Statement by Vice Minister of Public Security Mr. MENG Hongwei at the High-level Segment of the 52nd Session of Commission on Narcotic Drugs|
(12 March 2009, Vienna International Centre)
Since the 20th UN General Assembly Special Session on Drug Control in 1998, the Chinese Government has devoted its efforts in fulfilling its commitments and obligations in implementation of the goals and targets set out in the Political Declaration and its Action Plans. The Chinese Government has been improving relevant drug control regulations and working mechanisms according to the needs of drug control, with further enhanced drug control measures in respect of domestic drug demand and supply reduction, precursor control, as well as alternative development programme in neighboring countries, resulted in consistent improved drug control situation.
The Chinese Government takes the preventive education as an effective tool in addressing the root causes of illicit drugs, with all means to raise the awareness of the whole society, especially that of young people. By mobilizing the whole society in the course of drug control, the goal was to contain the trend of increase of new drug users. Compared with its peak, the annual growth rate of new heroin addicts has decreased to 4.6%, with the proportion of young abusers under the age of 35 falling to 51%. The rate of HIV patients infected through needle-sharing has fallen to 38.5%. The Chinese Government maintains that drug treatment and rehabilitation should proceed in a people-oriented way, and has applied various drug treatment measures including community-based, voluntary, compulsory in closed settings and community-based rehabilitation to help drug addicts. A total number of 70 integrated drug rehabilitation centers have been established guided by scientific evidence-based drug treatment practices and rules, which provide following-up help and services for opiate substance dependants after treatment for a smooth social reintegration. A number of 600 community-based maintenance treatment clinics were set up nationwide, providing maintenance treatment for opiate substance dependants.
Faced with the serious drug trafficking situation, the China National Narcotics Control Commission coordinated efforts of relevant departments and established domestic interdiction and detection networks in major hotspot border areas along land, water and air routes as well as postal channels, which have greatly reduced the entry of illicit drugs. The Chinese Government has strengthened its efforts in combating drug-related crimes, organized and launched special operations in the areas with serious drug problem and in public recreation places. International and regional drug law enforcement cooperation has been strengthened by the Chinese law enforcement agencies, with a large number of clandestine laboratories, including drug manufacture and trafficking groups and networks dismantled, and a number of major drug cases jointly made with foreign counterparts, resulted in an effective curb on drug-related crimes. Since 1998, total of 956,000 drug-related criminal cases have been cracked, with a seizure of 73.2 tons of heroin, 78.5 tons of methamphetamine, 15.7 tons of opium and 9,162,000 tablets of ecstasy. In 2008, a specialized national narcotics control intelligence institution was established to improve the capacity of intelligence analysis.
The Chinese Government has persisted on strict administration of precursor chemicals. The State Council has formulated the Regulations on the Administration of Precursor Chemicals in 2005, reinforcing the administration procedures including production, trade, transportation, use, import and export of precursor chemicals.
The Chinese Government has always attached great importance to drug control cooperation with the international community and relevant countries in respect of law enforcement, information exchange, combating crimes, alternative development and personnel training. In the Great Mekong Sub-region,
During the past decade since the 20th UNGASS on Drug Control in 1998, the international community has adopted diversified drug control strategies in response to the varying features of the drug problem at different times. Governments in the world have intensified drug control efforts and strengthened international drug control cooperation, which has produced visible results in drug demand and supply reduction and other relevant fields. In particular, there has been a remarkable decrease in opium poppy cultivation in the "Golden Triangle" region in
The international drug control course has well demonstrated the development of nations in acquiring better understanding of drug problem, improving effective international cooperation on drug control, and deploying more practical and diversified strategies and measures in addressing the drug issue. The Chinese delegation supports the new Political Declaration and the Action Plan to be adopted at this session. The Chinese government appreciates and supports the continuous efforts of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and International Narcotics Control Board in the international drug control.
In reviewing the achievements, we should not fail to see that the global scourge of drug problem is still spreading and the drug issue in some hotspot regions continues to pose a grave threat to the international community. The international drug control effort is facing new concerns and challenges, focusing on the problems of intensified types, illicit manufacturing, trafficking, and use of new illicit drugs, imbalance in measures between drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction, continued diversion of precursor chemicals into illicit channels, and lack of experience and funds for sustainable alternative development. The achievements made by the international community in drug control remain fragile with strong possibility of reverse. The drug control course is thus a course of long and arduousness.
Under the present circumstance, mutually beneficial and win-win cooperation has become the common choice for nations in the world. Only through enhanced international cooperation, evidence-based guidance, institutional innovation and practical efforts, will we be able to mobilize the strength of the whole mankind and promote the international drug control endeavor up to a new level.
To this end, the Chinese delegation would like to make the following recommendations:
First, strong determination and confidence on drug control by all sides should be ensured under the basic principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and international laws. International drug control cooperation and coordination should be further enhanced in meeting the common challenges on the basis of mutual respect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity, equality, mutual benefit, non-interference into each other's internal affairs and respect for all human rights and basic freedoms.
Second, the comprehensive and balanced approach should be pursued with shared responsibilities in drug demand and supply reduction.
Third, it should be fully aware of the increasing connections between drug crime and other transnational organized crimes such as terrorism, money-laundering and corruption. Close and practical judicial assistance and law enforcement cooperation on criminal matters should be further enhanced on a broader basis, with improved drug control policies and strategies and domestic legal system.
Fourth, necessary financial and technical assistance should be provided to developing countries in alternative development.
On 26-27 February 2009, the Chinese Government held the conference marking the centennial of convening the International Opium Commission in
The conference reviewed the century-long international drug control efforts, shared respective drug control practices and measures, expressed opinions and recommendations on future international drug control. The conference adopted the Shanghai Declaration, by which reaffirmed the political commitment in pursuing a comprehensive, balanced and mutually reinforcing approach on the basis of shared responsibility, advocating the international community devoting more resources and international cooperation in solving the world drug problem. Following the resolution 51/8 of the 51st CND, Marking the centennial of the convening of the International Opium Commission, on behalf of the Chinese Government, I hereby present this session the results of the conference marking the centennial of the convening of the International Opium Commission and the Shanghai Declaration.
In facing with the new challenges, the Chinese government will continue its efforts in fulfilling its political commitments.