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Xi Jinping Attends SCO Summit in Dushanbe and Delivers Important Speech Stressing Gathering People's Will and Power and Coordinating Sincerely to Push SCO to a New Level

2014/09/12

On September 12, 2014, the 14th meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was held in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. President Xi Jinping of China, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan, President Almazbek Atambayev of Kyrgyzstan, President Vladimir Putin of Russia, President Emomalii Rahmon of Tajikistan and President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan attended the meeting.Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the meeting, stressing that the member states should firmly establish a sense of community of common destiny and community of common interests, helping each other and sharing weal and woe, gather people's will and power and coordinate sincerely, and take maintaining regional security and stability as one's own responsibility, achieving common development and prosperity as the goal, promoting the communication of peoples as the tenet, and expanding foreign exchanges and cooperation as the driving force, so as to fully promote the SCO to develop towards a direction that is more improved in mechanism, more comprehensive in cooperation, more smooth in coordination, and more open to the outside, bringing benefits to people of the region.

Heads of the member states first held small-scale talks, and then the heads of the SCO observer states including President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan, President Hassan Rouhani of Iran, President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj of Mongolia and representatives of India and Pakistan, guest of the host state President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow of Turkmenistan, as well as representatives from the relevant international and regional organizations were invited to attend the large-scale talks. Rahmon hosted the meeting. The meeting summarized the SCO's main working achievements over the year since the Bishkek Summit in 2013. The participants had an in-depth exchange of views on further improving the work of the SCO, developing the long-term and good-neighborly friendship among the member states, safeguarding the regional security, enhancing practical cooperation as well as current major international and regional issues and reached broad consensus..

During the meeting, Xi Jinping delivered a speech titled "Gathering People's Will and Power and Coordinating Sincerely to Push SCO to a New Level".

Xi Jinping pointed out that since the Summit last year, the SCO member states have comprehensively implemented the "Guidelines for Implementation of the Treaty of Long-term Good-neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation", and achieved new progress in maintaining regional security and stability, promoting practical cooperation and strengthening people-to-people and cultural exchanges, which manifests vigorous vitality of the SCO. Today's world is undergoing complex and profound changes. Favorable conditions of maintaining the overall stability of international situation are increasing, but the world is still far from tranquility. The SCO is entering a critical period of inheriting the past and ushering in the future. It is our common responsibility and mission to ensure that the SCO always develops along the established track and brings more security and greater well-being to its member states and their peoples.

Xi Jinping made four points of proposals. First, adhere to taking the responsibility of maintaining regional security and stability. Strengthen the construction of the capacity to maintain stability, continue to perfect the cooperation system of law enforcement and security, improve the existing cooperation mechanism, grant the Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure (RCTS) of the SCO the function of drug control as soon as possible, and establish the security challenge and threat response center, so as to resolve the current problems and eliminate the root causes by taking different measures at the same time and coordinately combat the "three evil forces". The present emphasis should be put on combating religious extremism and internet terrorism. The Chinese side suggests discussion and signing of an anti-extremism convention as well as research on initiating an action mechanism for cracking down on internet terrorism.

Second, adhere to the goal of achieving common development and prosperity. Discuss the exploration of cooperation in a broader and higher level in fields of trade and investment, promote the process of regional economic integration, and construct a unified economic, trade, investment and logistic space in this region. Tap the transit transport potential of each country and reach an early agreement on the establishment of an SCO financial institution. Strengthen energy policy coordination as well as demand and supply cooperation, and enhance security cooperation in transnational oil and gas pipelines. Enhance food policy coordination and improve the comprehensive capacity of grain production. Draw up the "Shanghai Cooperation Organization Science and Technology Partnership Program" and accelerate the establishment of information sharing platform on environment protection. The Chinese side has decided to expand the ultimate size of the China-Eurasian Economic Cooperation Fund to 5 billion USD. The National Commodity Trade Fair of the SCO will be held during the Western China International Fair in 2015.

Third, stick to the principle of promoting the connection of people's hearts. Conduct friendly communications and people-to-people and cultural exchanges in an all-round manner. Strengthen the construction of the SCO's international communication capacity as well as media cooperation, support the training and exchanges of personnel in such fields as public policy, government administration, and judicature. China is willing to offer 2000 places for the training of officials, administrators and technical talents for the member states of the SCO from 2015 to 2017, and invite 50 youth leaders of the states of the SCO each year to research and study in China in the next five years. The 70th anniversary of the victory of the world anti-fascist war will be commemorated solemnly in 2015.

Fourth, insist on taking the expansion of foreign communication and cooperation as impetus. Welcome the willing and qualified countries to apply for full membership of the SCO. Reinforce the member states' cooperation with observers and communication with dialogue partners, and promote the cooperation between the SCO and international and regional organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA). China welcomes the SCO's member states, observers and dialogue partners to actively participate in the joint construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt so as to promote the regional connectivity and the progress of the new-type industrialization.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the development of the SCO faces major opportunities and bright prospects. We should stick to the concept of win-win cooperation, insist on the "Shanghai Spirit" featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for cultural diversity, and pursuit of common development, practice the outlook of Asia's safety featuring commonness, comprehensiveness, cooperation and sustainability, adopt the forces of collectiveness, solidarity and cooperation, join hands to cope with threats and challenges, and jointly promote the SCO for greater development. China is in full support of Russia holding the next Summit of the SCO. (The full speech is published separately.)

The heads of state agreed that today's world is complicated and volatile, which brings the region with increasing factors of uncertainty and instability. The member states of the SCO are all committed to development, but are all faced with common threats and challenges such as terrorism, drug trafficking and transnational crimes, which needs the promotion of the SCO's development, the deepening of security cooperation, the deepening and expansion of cooperation in security, economy and people-to-people and cultural engagement, so as to cope with new threats and challenges hand in hand and build a harmonious region of good-neighborly friendship, common safety and common development.

The heads of state unanimously agreed that they will continue to take active measures to jointly combat the "three evil forces"; jointly promote the establishment of a peaceful, safe, fair and open information space based on the principles of respect for state sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs; support and actively participate in the construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt initiative put forward by China and promote trade and investment facilitation and infrastructure connectivity; expand fiscal and financial cooperation and speed up the study of setting up the Development Fund and Development Bank of the SCO; ensure food and energy security, and develop transport logistics; strengthen cooperation in culture, science and technology, innovation, education, sanitation, tourism, sports and other fields, and promote the dialogues among civilizations; and expand cooperation with the UN and other international and regional organizations and strengthen the links between the member states and the observer countries as well as the dialogue partners.

All sides highly appreciated the amendments of "For SCO Membership Program" and "Memo Template of Duties for Application to Join SCO" approved at this summit, and held that as the significant steps to perfect the legal basis of SCO, they officially open the door to the enlargement of SCO.

The parties also exchanged views on the Afghanistan issue, Syrian issue and Ukrainian issue. All stressed that the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Afghanistan should be respected. They support the achievement of "Led and Owned by Afghanistan" in the process of reconciliation and reconstruction, so as to make Afghanistan a country that is independent and neighbor-friendly. The parties called for the implementation of the "Geneva Communiqué" and the continuous promotion of concerned parties of Syria to hold wide and direct dialogues and solve the Syrian crisis through political and diplomatic means. The parties welcomed the consultation minutes recently signed by the tripartite joint team of Ukraine, Russia and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) on the implementation of the common steps based on Ukrainian President's peace plan and Russian President's initiative. They support seeking a political solution to the Ukrainian crisis through negotiation and restoring peace in Ukraine as soon as possible.

The meeting decided that the 2015 Summit of SCO will be held in Ufa of Russia.

The heads of the member states of SCO signed "the Dushanbe Declaration of the Heads of the Member States of the SCO", approved a series of resolutions, and met with journalists together.

At the meeting, "Press Communique of the Meeting of the Council of the Heads of the Member States of the SCO" was released.

Wang Huning, Li Zhanshu and Yang Jiechi attended the above activities.

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