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Charge d'Affaires a.i. Zheng Zeguang Attends the Commemoration of the 35th Anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqué by US-China Policy Foundation

2007-02-27 00:00

On February 27, H. E. Mr. Zheng Zeguang, Charge d'Afaires a.i. of the Chinese Embassy in the United States attended the commemoration of the 35th anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqué by US-China Policy Foundation and made a keynote speech. Dr. Chi Wang, President and Co-Chair of the US-China Policy Foundation, Mr. J. Stapleton Roy, former US Ambassador to China, Mr. Chas W. Freeman, Jr., former US Assistant Secretary of Denfence, Mr. Richard Solomon, President of the US Institute of Peace, Mr. Stanley Karnow, former Hong Kong Bureau Chief of the Washington Post were present. The whole of Mr. Zheng's speech is as follows:

Dr. Chi Wang,

Ambassador Stapleton Roy,

Ambassador Chas Freeman,

Dr. Richard Solomon,

Mr. Stanley Karnow,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Thank you, Dr. Wang, for your kind invitation. It is a great pleasure for me to attend this luncheon in commemoration of the 35th anniversary of the Shanghai Communiqué by the US-China Policy Foundation. I am most delighted to see many old friends who were personally involved in the normalization of China-U.S. relations and who have cared for and supported the development of China-US relations over the years. You have my heartfelt tribute and appreciation.

Thirty-five years ago, on February 28, 1972, our two Governments issued their first joint communiqué--the well-known Shanghai Communiqué. This important Communiqué sets forth the basic guiding principles governing China-US relationship, i.e., countries, regardless of their social systems, should conduct their relations on the principles of respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states, non-aggression against other states, non-interference in the internal affairs of other states, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence. The US side acknowledges that there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China. These principles were later further confirmed and developed in the Sino-US Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations and Sino-US Communiqué of August 17, 1982. These three Communiqués together constitute the basic documents guiding our bilateral relationship.

The issuance of the Shanghai Communiqué brought an end to the long-time mutual isolation between China and the United States, and marked a beginning of the normalization process for the bilateral relationship. It demonstrates the vision and courage of the leaders of our countries, and has a far-reaching impact on China-US relations and the world situation.

There were rainy days in the past 35 years, but China-US relationship on the whole has moved forward.

Back in 1972, contacts between our two countries were extremely limited. Now, annual personnel exchange has exceeded 2 million persons/times, which means on average over 5,000 people are crossing the Pacific Ocean every day.

Back in 1972, cooperation just started between our two sides. Now, we are working closely on a wide range of issues bearing on peace and development of mankind.

Nothing is more exemplary of the vitality and potential of China-US relationship than trade and economic cooperation. Back in 1972, trade between our countries was next to nothing. Now, it has reached 260 billion US dollars. China is the second largest trading partner of the U.S. and the fastest growing export market for U.S. goods and service. The United States is China's second biggest trading partner and largest source of investment. This is beyond the expectation of perhaps the most optimistic prophets of China-US exchanges and cooperation.

The 35 years of China-US relations offered useful enlightenment. The most important is as follows:

First, we must always recognize the strategic significance of China-US relationship and approach it from the strategic height and long-term perspective. As facts have shown, the significance of China-US relationship is never limited to bilateral fields, but increasingly global and strategic. Only by adopting a comprehensive perspective of the international situation and proceeding from the fundamental interests of the Chinese and American people, can we keep to the overall interests of our relationship and ensure that it move forward on the right track.

Second, we must abide by the principles set forth in the three Sino-US Joint Communiqués. China and the United States have different social systems and cultural and historical backgrounds. Yet we are two big countries sharing extensive interests. The three Joint Communiqués that we formulated together had enabled us to expand our exchanges and cooperation to a wide range of fields and handle our differences appropriately over the past 35 years. History has shown that China-US relations developed smoothly whenever the three Joint Communiqués were abided by, and otherwise ran into problems and troubles.

Come the new century, China and the United States are seeing their shared interests increased and area for cooperation expanded.

-- The strategic nature of China-US relations is now more clearly defined. President Hu Jintao paid a successful visit to the United States last April. He reached new and important agreement with President Bush on promoting the constructive and cooperative China-US relations in the 21st century. The two leaders agreed that China and the United States are both stakeholders and constructive partners. This has charted the course for the long-term growth of China-US relations.

-- There are closer and more frequent dialogues and communication between our countries at various levels and in various fields. Our leaders stayed in touch regarding our bilateral relations as well as major international and regional issues of shared interests. There have been the first round of the China-US Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) and three rounds of Strategic Dialogue (SD). This year, the second round of SED and the fourth round of SD will be held. These dialogues, together with other mechanisms already existing, have helped enhance mutual understanding and promote trust and cooperation.

-- The mutually beneficial China-US cooperation has become more productive. China-US exchange and cooperation have been further strengthened in the fields of economy and trade, counterterrorism, non-proliferation, law enforcement, science and technology, education and culture. New progress has been made in military-to-military exchanges. Our countries also maintain close consultation and coordination on the Korean nuclear issue, the Iran nuclear issue, the Middle East, the Darfur issue and the UN affairs. Such exchanges and cooperation have brought concrete benefits to our peoples and greatly enhanced the peace and prosperity in Asia-Pacific region and the rest of the world.

Today, profound transformation is taking place in China. One fifth of the world's people are working to develop their economy. Such development matters to not only China but also world peace and development. China will stick to a road of peaceful development. At home, we will concentrate on developing our economy and building a harmonious society. Externally, we advocate and promote a harmonious world with lasting peace and common prosperity.

China-US relationship is faced with important opportunities for further development. Our two sides should always approach our relationships from the strategic height and long-term perspective and abide by the principles enshrined in the three Sino-US Joint Communiqués.

We must earnestly follow up on the agreement reached between our heads of state, build on the positive factors and control the negative factors in order to further advance the constructive and cooperative China-US relationship.

We must continue to strengthen exchanges and dialogues at all levels and continue to build up strategic mutual trust and cooperation.

We must also appropriately address each other's concerns on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit. At present, the situation in Taiwan is very sensitive and complicated. The Chen Shui-bian authorities are becoming more adventurous and reckless in seeking "de jure Taiwan independence". We hope the US side will honor, with concrete actions, its commitments of adhering to the one China policy, abiding by the three Sino-US Joint Communiqués and opposing "Taiwan independence", stop pushing for arms sale to Taiwan, and stop sending any wrong signal to the separatist forces seeking "Taiwan independence". We hope the US side will join us in opposing and forestalling "Taiwan independence" in clear-cut terms and preserving peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and the shared interests of our countries.

We must continue to substantiate our bilateral relationship by deepening our mutually beneficial cooperation in the fields of economy and trade, energy, environmental protection, counterterrorism, non-proliferation and law enforcement, and by maintaining our close consultation and coordination on major international and regional issues such as the DPRK and Iran nuclear issues and the Darfur issue.

We must also strengthen public support for China-US friendship by further cultivating people-to-people exchanges and intensifying contacts and cooperation between our legislatures, local governments, business communities, media groups, academic institutions and cultural circles.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Many of you present here have been personally involved in the improvement and development of China-US relations. You have profound understanding of the importance of this relationship. I hope that you will continue to care and work vigorously for the course of China-US friendship.

Thank you.

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