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China and the United Nations: Position Paper of the People's Republic of China For the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly

2019/09/18

China and the United Nations Position Paper of the People's Republic of China For the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Over the past seven decades, the Chinese people have forged ahead as one and scored great achievements.

On the diplomatic front, China has made a historic journey against all odds. Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, China has since recent years taken a more proactive part in international affairs and made greater contribution to world peace and development. China has lived up to its responsibilities as a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a major economy of the world.

Here are some of the principles that China holds dear: a path of peaceful development; an opening-up strategy of mutual benefit; the greater good and shared interests of people around the world; a new vision of security that promotes common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security for all; global development that is open, innovation-driven, inclusive, and beneficial to all nations; harmony in diversity and cross-cultural interactions; and an ecoculture based on respect for nature and green development. In short, China will stay a promoter of world peace, contributor to global development, and upholder of the international order.

China firmly supports and pursues multilateralism. Despite new challenges, China continues to uphold multilateralism and takes an active part in reforming and improving global governance. We stand for the international system built around the United Nations (UN), the international order underpinned by international law, and the multilateral trading system centered around the World Trade Organization (WTO). We are firmly against unilateralism, protectionism and acts of bullying.

The UN is the most universal, representative and authoritative inter-governmental organization. It is a symbol of multilateralism. It is the UN Charter that laid the foundation for the existing international order and basic norms governing international relations.

China is a founding member of the UN and the first country to sign on the Charter. China always supports the UN in playing an active role, and upholds its authority and stature. China's cooperation with the UN is growing stronger and deeper and is entering a new era.

I. Working Toward a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

In addressing the summits commemorating the 70th anniversary of the United Nations in 2015 and the United Nations Office at Geneva in 2017, President Xi Jinping elaborated on his vision for a new model of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind. With a keen insight into the development and progress of mankind, President Xi called on all nations to work together for an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity.

The vision of a community with a shared future for mankind is in keeping with the trend of history and the call of our times. It reflects the common values of mankind, and represents the greatest shared aspiration of people around the world for a better life. It is highly commended and warmly received by the global community, and will have a profound and far-reaching impact on the world. As a creative foreign policy initiative and a significant intellectual contribution to the world, this vision has since become a centerpiece of China's major-country diplomacy with its distinctive features.

President Xi has also put forth new ideas on a range of weighty issues from global governance, the greater good and shared interests, and global development to security, civilization, and nuclear security. These are the principles that China believes should be followed in reforming and improving the global governance system.

II. Safeguarding Regional and International Peace and Security

As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China always stands on the side of peace, justice and the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.

China actively looks for settlement of major regional hotspot issues, such as the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, the Iranian nuclear issue, Afghanistan, Myanmar, the Middle East, Syria, and South Sudan. In our pursuit of solutions to international and regional hotspot issues, we seek to do it the Chinese way - a peaceful, legitimate and constructive way.

By peaceful, we mean seeking a political solution. We stand for the settlement of disputes and differences through dialogue and negotiation. We strongly oppose any arbitrary use or threat of force in international affairs.

By legitimate, we mean following the principle of non-interference in other countries' internal affairs, respecting the sovereignty and aspirations of countries concerned, and rejecting any imposed solution.

By constructive, we mean taking an objective and unbiased position and conducting mediation and good offices based on the merits and demerits of the issue concerned.

On the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, China stands for denuclearization, peace and stability on the Peninsula and for a negotiated solution. We encourage and support the DPRK and the US to show flexibility, work in the same direction, and take phased and synchronized steps. We hope that their negotiations will make progress and produce early harvests, and push forward the political settlement process of the issue.

The full and effective implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is not only what is required by the Security Council resolution, but also the only way to properly settle the Iranian nuclear issue. Given the current situation, we hope that the relevant parties will take concrete steps to show respect for and protect Iran's legitimate and lawful rights and interests and strike a balance between the rights and obligations under the JCPOA. We call on the US to abandon its maximum pressure approach and create conditions for settling the Iranian nuclear issue through equal-footed dialogue.

III. Increasing Participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations

Since 1989, China has dispatched over 40,000 peacekeepers to around 30 operations. A total of 21 Chinese military and police personnel lost their lives for peacekeeping. With more than 2,500 peacekeepers currently on duty in eight missions, China contributes more peacekeepers than any other permanent member of the Security Council. The Chinese peacekeepers are highly commended by the UN and host countries for their strict discipline and professionalism.

To fully deliver on the major measures announced by President Xi Jinping at the UN Peacekeeping Summit in 2015, China has set up an 8,000-strong peacekeeping standby force and a permanent peacekeeping police squad; sent its first peacekeeping helicopter squad to Africa; trained peacekeepers from other countries; carried out demining assistance programs; and supported the development of the African Standby Force and the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis.

China takes an active part in formulating peacekeeping policies, and follows the three basic principles of peacekeeping (consent of the parties, impartiality, and non-use of force except in self-defense and defense of the mandate). China supports the Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative launched by Secretary-General António Guterres, and calls for reform and improvement of peacekeeping operations. The Chinese Blue Helmets will fulfill their sacred mission.

IV. Advancing the International Arms Control and Non-proliferation Process

China has stayed a participant in and contributor to the international arms control treaty system. It is a party to over 20 international treaties on arms control.

China follows a defense policy that is defensive in nature. It never takes part in any form of arms race, and firmly opposes any such race. China has kept its nuclear capabilities at the minimum level required by national security. It lives by its promise of not being the first to use nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances, and unconditionally refraining from the use or threat of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states. China has been as transparent as it can be about its nuclear strategy, and exercised enormous restraint in developing its nuclear force, thus contributing significantly to international nuclear disarmament.

China resolutely opposes the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) and their means of delivery. China faithfully and rigorously fulfills its international obligations on non-proliferation. To this end, it has established a well-functioning domestic legal system and enforcement regime on non-proliferation export control. China supports the UN and its Security Council in playing a key role in non-proliferation and works actively for the full implementation of Security Council Resolution 1540.

The US withdrawal from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and other international treaties and mechanisms will have a far-reaching negative impact on global strategic stability, on the security in Europe and the Asia-Pacific, and on the international arms control and non-proliferation regime. Countries with the largest nuclear arsenals are expected to earnestly fulfill their special and primary responsibilities in nuclear disarmament. They should work toward the extension of the New START Treaty and further slash their nuclear arsenals.

China supports and takes an active part in the international conventional arms control process. China is committed to properly address humanitarian concerns regarding conventional arms. It has provided international humanitarian assistance in mine clearance and sponsored training programs for over 40 countries.

China stands for the peaceful uses of outer space and prevention of arms race in outer space. China has played an active part in the work of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. It advocates fair and equitable rules governing outer space to realize the vision of a community with a shared future in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space.

China supports making a widely acceptable code of conduct in cyberspace under the UN framework. It plays a fundamental role in meetings of the UN's Group of Governmental Experts on Cyber Security, and has made important contribution to the consensus building.

V. Spearheading International Development Cooperation

China takes the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a high priority. It is among the first countries to publish a National Plan and Progress Report on the Implementation of the Agenda, and has achieved early harvests in many areas. China seeks to advance both its own development interests and the shared interests of all nations. It actively participates in global development cooperation, and endeavors to undertake international responsibilities to the best of its ability.

Over the past 70 years, more than 700 million Chinese people have been lifted out of poverty. This accounts for over 70 percent of poverty reduction worldwide. Meanwhile, China has provided over 400 billion RMB yuan in foreign aid and sent over 600,000 aid workers to nearly 170 countries and international organizations. This is a big contribution to the global fight against poverty and to the development of all countries. China is ready to share with other countries its experience in targeted poverty alleviation and eradication. Under the framework of South-South cooperation, China will continue to do its best to help other developing countries implement the 2030 Agenda.

China attaches great importance to the UN SDG Summit, the High-level Dialogue on Financing for Development, and the Samoa Pathway High-level Midterm Review. China hopes that these meetings will build international consensus in light of the national conditions and real needs of developing countries, and focus on poverty reduction, infrastructure development, food security, capacity building and other major concerns of developing countries and on building an open world economy. Developed countries should live up to their Official Development Assistance (ODA) commitments on time and in full to effectively support developing countries in realizing sustainable development.

VI. Addressing Climate Change

The underlying principles of common but differentiated responsibilities, equity and respective capabilities, as proposed by China, have laid the foundation for protecting the shared interests of developing countries and for building a framework for global climate governance. China is among the first signatories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and played an important part in the conclusion of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement, China has worked actively for its ratification, entry into force and implementation worldwide. At the 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Katowice, China encouraged all parties to take a constructive approach and show flexibility, and put forward its solutions to key issues, thus playing an essential role in seeing the implementation rules of the Paris Agreement adopted as scheduled.

China commends and supports the initiative of Secretary-General Guterres to convene a UN Climate Action Summit. As a co-lead of the Nature-Based Solutions, China is working closely with all other parties for a productive Summit. We hope the Summit will give a strong boost to international climate cooperation and implementation of the Paris Agreement.

VII. Pursuing High-Quality Belt and Road Cooperation

In 2013, President Xi Jinping put forward the major initiative of building a Silk Road Economic Belt and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (Belt and Road Initiative). With this initiative, China aims to contribute its wisdom and suggestions for better global economic governance, greater development worldwide, and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Over the past six years, Belt and Road cooperation has been guided by the Silk Road spirit of peace, cooperation, openness, inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. It abides by the principle of consultation and cooperation for shared benefits, and the principle of open, green and clean development. Such cooperation has followed a high-standard, people-centered and sustainable approach, which is aimed at building a global partnership on connectivity. As of September 2019, 136 countries and 30 international organizations have signed Belt and Road cooperation documents with China. The initiative has become the largest platform for international cooperation and a popular public good in the world.

China has hosted the first and second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. The events focused on an agenda of global interest, including seeking synergies between national development policies, promoting infrastructure development, and pursuing sustainable development. Two separate lists of 279 and 283 practical cooperation deliverables were released at the two forums respectively. During the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, a CEO conference was held for the first time. It provided global business leaders a meeting ground where they signed project cooperation agreements worth over 64 billion US dollars. China has also initiated 20-plus platforms for multilateral dialogue and cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative in areas like finance, port, taxation, energy, and environmental protection. These platforms have helped to promote high-quality Belt and Road cooperation. What has been achieved demonstrates that the Belt and Road Initiative has become a road to opportunities and prosperity for all through international cooperation.

VIII. Participating in Global Governance of Human Rights

China always attaches great importance to human rights and integrates the universal principles of human rights with its specific conditions. China aims to promote mutually reinforcing progress in democracy and people's well-being. For China, peace and development are pursued in a holistic way and human rights are promoted and protected through greater development. In so doing, China has blazed a path of human rights development that fits its national conditions. China's efforts to protect and promote human rights have been fully supported and appreciated by the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people. China's human rights philosophy can be summed up as "proceeding from China's specific national conditions, adopting a people-centered approach, giving top priority to development, following the rule of law and promoting opening up as a driving force". These principles resonate well with and are widely endorsed by developing countries across the world.

China has put forward the proposition that the rights to survival and development are the primary, basic human rights. China has facilitated the adoption of UN Human Rights Council resolutions on "the contribution of development to the enjoyment of all human rights" and on "promoting mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of human rights". On many occasions, China has spoken on behalf of over 140 countries on "realizing the right to development" and "promoting human rights through cooperation", contributing significantly to the drafting, revising and refining of major human rights documents. Moreover, China has established human rights dialogue or consultation mechanisms with more than 20 countries and will continue constructive dialogues and cooperation on human rights on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

IX. Promoting Social and People-to-People Exchanges and Cooperation

China takes an active part in UN activities in education, science, culture, women, youth, refugees, health, maritime affairs, civil aviation, telecommunications and the Internet, and has developed cooperation of different forms and at various levels.

In his address at the UNESCO headquarters in March 2014, President Xi Jinping elaborated on the need for mutual learning between cultures. His insights struck a chord with the international community. In September 2015, President Xi chaired the Global Leaders' Meeting on Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment at the UN headquarters. He proposed a Chinese solution to women's all-round development and announced China's new initiatives to support women's development worldwide. Those initiatives were warmly welcomed by the international community. President Xi visited the WHO headquarters in January 2017. His visit helped to deepen cooperation between China and the WHO.

People with disabilities are equal members of the human community. China is committed to promoting and protecting the rights of people with disabilities and to advancing international cooperation in this regard. China advocated and participated in the formulation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. China, together with other countries, proposed the inclusion of the well-being of people with disabilities in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to help them participate in, contribute to and benefit from economic and social development in their countries.

X. Supporting a Stronger UN

China supports Secretary-General Guterres' efforts to reform the UN system in the areas of peace and security, economic development and internal management. The reform should be led by member states and give full consideration to the concerns of developing members. It should help to improve the operational efficiency and internal oversight and accountability of the UN. Stable and predictable funding is crucial to keep the UN running. China believes that the "capacity to pay" principle should be upheld and calls on member states to pay their assessments for both regular budget and peacekeeping operations on time and in full. Since 2019, China has become the second largest contributor to the UN's regular and peacekeeping budgets and will continue to fulfill its financial obligations.

In 2015, President Xi Jinping announced the establishment of a China-UN Peace and Development Fund, demonstrating China's strong support for multilateralism and for the UN. Over the past four years since its launch, the fund has financed nearly 100 projects and become a new platform for China-UN cooperation.

China stands firm in defending its sovereignty, security and development interests and the one-China principle at the United Nations. No interference in China's internal affairs will ever be allowed. No one should expect China to tolerate actions that undermine its interests.

As the largest developing country, a permanent member of the Security Council, and the second largest contributor to the UN budget, China will continue to play an active and constructive role in UN affairs and make greater contribution to the progress of humanity. No matter how the world changes, China's firm adherence to multilateralism will not change; China's support for the UN to play its role in international affairs will not change; and China's longstanding aspiration for world peace and development will not change. We will work tirelessly with people of all other countries to build a community with a shared future for mankind.

 

中国与联合国--第74届联合国大会中方立场文件

China and the United Nations: Position Paper of the People's Republic of China For the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly

La Chine et l'Organisation des Nations Unies―Document de position de la Chine pour la 74e session de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies

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