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Declaration of the 10th Meeting of The Council of Heads of State of the SCO Member States

Tashkent, 10-11 June 2010

2010/06/11

The 10th meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (hereinafter referred to as "the SCO" or "the Organization") took place in Tashkent on 10 and 11 June 2010. The member states exchanged views on major international and regional issues and state the following:

1. The world is undergoing major development, transformation and adjustment. A multipolar world is taking shape, countries are increasingly interdependent and globalization is gaining momentum. All this has major implications for the development of the world economy and international relations.

The SCO member states believe that the ongoing transformation of the world, though posing new threats and challenges, is creating new opportunities for the establishment of a more just international political and economic order, one that must be in conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and built upon equal-footed and mutually-beneficial cooperation as well as primacy of international law.

The SCO member states reaffirm their commitment to the purposes and principles of the Organization on the basis of the principles of the Charter of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the provisions of the Treaty on Long-Term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation among the SCO Member States.

2. Since its inception, the Organization has become an effective and open multilateral organization that plays an important role in international and regional security and cooperation. The Organization will continue to resolve major issues arising from international and regional development in a non-ideological, non-bloc and non-confrontational way.

The SCO member states are determined to intensify all-dimentional cooperation within the SCO context to turn the Organization into a staunch force for regional peace, stability and prosperity.

3. In view of what has happened in the Kyrgyz Republic, the SCO member states reiterate their principled position of mutual respect for each other's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, opposition to interference in the internal affairs of sovereign states or any actions that may cause tension in the region, and believe that all disputes must be settled by political and diplomatic means through dialogue and consultation.

The SCO member states emphasize the significance of the early return to political stability in Kyrgyzstan to the whole region and stand ready to provide necessary support and assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic to this end.

4. The SCO member states reaffirm the central role of the UN as a unique and even irreplaceable multilateral cooperation mechanism in international relations.

The SCO member states intend to carry out further coordination on the issue of reforming the UN and its Security Council. Given that the reform concerns the interests of the entire UN membership, a package plan with the broadest consensus should be sought through ongoing open and comprehensive consultations.

5. The priority of the international community has now shifted to dealing with new security threats and challenges. It has become all the more important to fight terrorism in all forms and resolve the multitude of problems plaguing international and regional security through cooperation. The SCO member states will actively follow through on the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the SCO Counter-Terrorism Convention, and prevent the ideology of terrorism and extremism through dialogue among different civilizations and cultures.

6. The SCO member states stress that the Organization should put emphasis on coordination and cooperation to tackle the international financial crisis and minimize its adverse impact. To this end, it is important to advance economic modernization of the SCO member states, promote innovation, ensure equal participation of the various countries in decision-making regarding major international issues and step up global and regional coordination.

The Organization is committed to promoting trade and investment facilitation and carrying out joint development projects on intra- and inter-regional transportation and communication infrastructure to boost the economic competitiveness of the member states.

7. It is of decisive significance to the present-day world to build an international security system based on respect for international law and fulfillment of states' obligations. To achieve this, effective measures must be adopted in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation.

The SCO member states call for the strict implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, including provisions on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The member states are of the view that the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, a major step to safeguard regional peace and security, will make a significant contribution to a stronger nuclear non-proliferation regime and a safer and more secure region and world. The signing of the relevant protocol to the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty by nuclear-weapon states will be an effective step towards this end.

The SCO member states welcome the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms signed in Prague on 8 April 2010.

The SCO member states stress that unrestricted deployment of global missile defense system may become a source of instability in the international situation, like the danger brought by deploying weapons in the outer space, and result in the proliferation and increase of missile weapons in various regions.

8. The continuing deterioration of the situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and terrorism, drug trafficking and transnational organized crimes originating from that country remain serious threats to the region. As determining factors of maintaining security, peace and stability in Afghanistan will contribute to the long-term economic and social development of the whole region.

The SCO member states reaffirm their support for the UN's leading role in coordinating international efforts in mediating the situation in Afghanistan and maintain that military means alone can not resolve the issue of Afghanistan. The SCO member states support pushing forward the negotiation process in which the United Nations plays a leading role and the Afghan people participate.

The SCO supports Afghanistan in becoming a peaceful and stable country and stresses that the time-honored history, national origin and traditional religious values of all ethnic groups in Afghanistan should be fully respected.

The SCO supports its member states in participating in the economic reconstruction projects of Afghanistan with international organizations and other related parties.

The SCO member states call upon the international community to intensify its efforts in combating all links of drug production and spread in Afghanistan. To that end, the SCO member states express their readiness to coordinate with other international and regional organizations and call upon the International Security Assistance Force for cooperation in drug control.

9. The SCO member states note that information security concerns state sovereignty, security, economic and social stability and public interests. All countries are entitled to exercising law-based administration over the internet in light of their own national conditions, and having broader cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

Information technology should be used for the purposes of peace, development, security and prosperity. The SCO member states will further implement the signed SCO documents of cooperation in this area and make active efforts for ensuring the international information security.

10. The SCO member states note that according to the Tashkent Initiative proposed in 2004, the SCO plays an increasingly important role in establishing partnership network with international organizations in the Asia-Pacific region and maintaining peace, stability and long-term development.

The SCO member states speak highly of the Joint Declaration on SCO/UN Secretariat Cooperation signed in Tashkent on 5 April 2010. This Declaration stipulates the fundamental principles and directions of cooperation between the two organizations.

11. The approval of the Rules of Procedure of Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Regulations on Admission of New Members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization by the heads of state is an important measure to promote further development of the SCO, raise its prestige and improve the legal foundation for work of various SCO bodies.

The SCO member states support strengthened practical cooperation with the SCO observer states and dialogue partners in bringing out their potential and attracting their resources and markets, and their participation in the SCO activities.

12. The SCO member states stress that the SCO member states and the world are commemorating the 65th anniversary of the end of World War II. This war demonstrates that even under the current circumstances it is still necessary for all countries and their political leaders to be resolute in preventing another tragedy of mass human casualties and work together to meet the challenges and threats facing all humanity effectively. The people of the SCO member states made major contribution to the victory in World War II and also paid a heavy price. The SCO member states firmly condemn any attempt to revive fascist ideas or spread exclusionism, paranoia, extremism and terrorism serving ulterior political purposes.

The SCO will continue to uphold the concepts of peace, common development, cooperation on an equal footing, mutual respect and inclusiveness, expand dialogue and cooperation with the rest of the international community and make unremitting efforts to strengthen regional and international security and stability and achieve harmony and prosperity.

The SCO member states agree to hold activities marking the 10th anniversary of the founding of the SCO next year.

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