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  Home > Current Affairs of Africa > Personages
President of Egypt Mohammed Hosni Mubarak
2009/09/23

Mohammed Hosni Mubarak has been Egypt's president since 1981. With outstanding performance in governance, he is respected, loved and supported by the Egyptian people, and is a well-known statesman in the Arab world and the internaitonal political arena.

Mubarak was born to an ordinary peasant family in Al Monufiyah Governorate of the Nile Delta of Egypt on May 4th 1928. He demonstrated generosity, bravery, and far-sightedness at a young age, and was able to recite Koran at the age of six, and had always ranked among the top in primary and secondary schools and universities. He has a wide range of interests, is keen in reading, especially the stories of Napoleon, Lincoln, and famous people in the Arab history, which were inspiration to him.

At the age of 19, he joined the Egyptian Military Academy. He graduated from the Military and Air Force Academy respectively in 1949 and 1950, and attended the Soviet pilot training school for three times, learning to drive jet bomber. After his return to Egypt, Mubarak worked as a lecturer in the Air Force Academy, president of the Academy, later commander of the Beni Suef Air Base, and Chief of Staff for the Egyptian Air Force. In 1973, during the October or Yom Kippur War, he commanded the Egyptian air force in an air attack to the Israeli army, and won the title as an outstanding hero and was promoted to air chief marshal. In April 1975, he became the vie-president of Egypt. Following the assassination of President Sadat by militants in 1981, Hosni Mubarak became the fourth President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He has been reelected president in 1987, 1993, 1999, and 2005.

When Mubarak became the president of Egypt, the Egyptian economy was in poor conditions, coupled with drastic decline of people's living standard and turbulent domestic situation. Externally, Egypt was isolated by other Arab states due to its reconciliation with Israel. To improve the situation, he took a series of actions by pursuing the policy of "peace, stability and development" aimed at stabilizing domestic situation, developing national economy, prudently pushing forward reform, and actively carrying out all-dimensional diplomatic work with priority given to its Arab identity and strengthening of Arab solidarity, and promoting of Arab peace process. With 28 years of efforts, Egypt now enjoys political stability and fast economic growth, and people's living standard has been greatly improved. In September 2005, Egypt held its first multi-candidate presidential election, in which Mubarak won with 88% of the votes against other nine candidates, elected as the president of Egypt for the fifth time.

Mubarak is an old friend of the Chinese people, and has visited China 9 times, being top among foreign leaders, and forged a profound friendship with several generations of Chinese leaders. He has been committed to the development of China-Egypt relations. During his visit to China in April 1999, he signed a joint communiqué with President Jiang Zemin in Beijing on the establishment of China-Egypt strategic cooperative relations, and was conferred an "honorary doctor" by Peking University. He told the Chinese journalists that "I feel at home when I am in China".

Hosni Mubarak is married to Suzanne Mubarak who has long been engaged in women and children's work and accompanied Mubarak to China on many occasions. In 1995, she came to China to attend the fourth World Women's Conference of the UN. During the visit of President Mubarak to China in 1999, she was conferred the degree of Professor Counsellor by the Shanghai International Studies University.

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