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  Home > FOCAC Archives > FOCAC ABC > Member States
China
2009/10/10

National Flag: the "Five-stars-red Flag" is the symbol of the People's Republic of China. The red colour symbolizes revolution, and the inter-related five stars represent the great unity of the revolutionary people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The yellow colour of the stars represents light above the red land, which is brighter and more beautiful than the colour white. Each of the four smaller stars has one of its points directed towards the center of the big star, which means that they are united with a center and looks more symmetric and beautiful.

National Emblem: The National Emblem of the People's Republic of China contains a representation of the national flag, the Tiananmen Square, a rice gear and sheaves of wheat, representing the new democratic revolution of the Chinese people since the "May 4" movement and the birth of New China which exercises people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and with worker-peasant alliance as the basis.

Situated in the east of the Asian Continent and on the west of the Pacific, China has a land area of 9.6 million square kilometers. From north to south, the territory stretches from the center of the Heilongjiang River north of the town of Mohe (latitude 53° 30' N) to the Zengmu Reef at the southernmost tip of the Nansha Islands (latitude 4° N), covering 49 degrees of latitude. From east to west, the nation extends from the confluence of the Heilongjiang and Wusuli rivers (longitude 135° 05' E) to the Pamirs (longitude 73° 40'E), covering over 60 degrees of longitude. It measures over 5000km either from the south to north or from the east to west. China has land borders of 22,800 km long, 18,000 km coastal line, and 4.73 million km2 of territorial seas.

China is the most populous country in the world, with 1.32802 billion people at the end of 2008 according to the statistics of the National Administration of Statistics. China is also one of the countries with the highest population density in the world, which is 134 people per sq km. This population, however, is unevenly distributed. Family planning is one of the basic national policies of the country.

China is a united multiethnic nation of 56 ethnic groups that have been identified and confirmed by the central government. The population of different ethnic groups differs greatly. As the majority of the population is of the Han ethnic group, China's other ethnic groups are customarily referred to as the ethnic minorities. According to the fifth national census taken in 2000, the other 55 ethnic groups have a total population of 104.49 million, making up 8.41% of the total population.

China is a multi-religious country. The main religions include Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity. The Chinese citizens can freely choose and express their religious beliefs and reveal their religious identities.

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