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Speech by H.E.Yang Jiechi at the Danish Institute for International Studies
2011/10/21
 
Work Together for
Peace, Stability and Development in the World
 Copenhagen, 20 October 2011
 
Madame Nanna Hvidt, Director of DIIS,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Dear Friends,

It is a distinct pleasure for me to come to the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) and exchange views with you. Denmark is an important member of the European Union (EU) and is known as the "Kingdom of fairy tales" and "land of happiness". It was one of the first Western countries to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and the first Nordic country to forge a comprehensive strategic partnership with China. Today, our two countries enjoy dynamic cooperation in many areas, and our relationship has embarked on the track of mature, sound and steady growth.

The DIIS is an influential think tank in Europe. In recent years, it has collaborated productively with many Chinese think tanks and contributed greatly to people-to-people and cultural exchanges between our two countries. I would like to use this opportunity to thank the DIIS and every one of you for what you have done to push forward China-Denmark relations. And I wish you continuing success in your research career.

This is my first official visit to Denmark as China's foreign minister. Yesterday afternoon I had talks with Minister for Foreign Affairs Villy Soevndal, and this morning I had a meeting with Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt. The two sides had in-depth exchange of views on bilateral relations and international and regional issues of mutual interest, and reached extensive consensus. It has been a fruitful visit. Here I would like to thank my Danish hosts for the warm reception and thoughtful arrangements.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The world today is undergoing profound and complex transformation. We have seen growing uncertainty in the international situation since the beginning of this year. Under the lingering shadow of the international financial crisis, global economic remains fragile and the development endeavor faces more severe challenges. West Asia and north Africa has experienced continuous turbulence, which has complex implications not only for the relevant countries, but also for stability and growth in the entire region and the whole world. The task of global governance has become all the more daunting, as traditional security threats are intertwined with non-traditional ones and new global challenges keep emerging.

On the other hand, the balance of power in the world is moving towards more equilibrium. This is a boost to multilateralism and greater democracy in international relations, and will have positive, far-reaching impact on the evolution of the international order. With growing interdependence, countries across the globe hope to see peace, development and cooperation and appreciate the importance of standing together in times of adversity and pursing mutual benefit. They are working hard to adjust their economic structure, shift their model of growth and reform the international economic and financial system. Indeed, change represents the trend of our time and the aspiration of the people.

We have reason to believe that our world is full of hopes and opportunities despite the many risks and challenges.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

At this moment, global recovery and growth is the most pressing task of the international community. To make this happen, great efforts should be made in the following areas:

First, make the upcoming G-20 summit in Cannes a success, and send a strong message of unity and win-win cooperation to the world. It is critical time for the world economy. The Cannes summit has the important task of restoring market confidence and promoting strong, sustainable and balanced growth. It is important that the summit achieve as many positive outcomes as possible. All parties must strive for consensus and accord "maintaining growth and promoting stability" top priority. We must stay united and pursue win-win results through consultations on an equal footing. We must avoid pushing through immature proposals or imposing oneself on others. And we must continue to pay attention to North-South imbalance, and protect the development right and macroeconomic policy space of emerging markets and developing countries. China and Europe have had good cooperation in G-20. We hope G-20 will play an active role in helping Europe achieve financial market stability and economic recovery.

Second, maintain regional and international peace and stability, and create an enabling political and security environment for global recovery and growth. History tells us that stability and development are closely linked. Without development, stability cannot take hold; and likewise, without stability, there can be no development. We must abide by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and respect each country's sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as the right to independently choose one's development path. A country's internal affairs can only be decided by its own people, and no one should interfere in others' internal affairs in any way, under any excuse. International disputes and hotspot issues should be settled by peaceful means. The international community should strongly oppose the willful use or threat of force. We should reject all forms of terrorism and fundamentally remove the breeding grounds for terrorism.

West Asia and north Africa occupies an important position in world political, economic and energy affairs. The situation there has a direct bearing on global security and stability. It is in the interest of the region and the world to promote peace, stability, development and prosperity in west Asia and north Africa. We respect the wishes and aspirations of the people in the region. We hope the parties in relevant countries will bridge their differences through political dialogue and restore stability and order as soon as possible. We call on the international community to play a constructive role and support the various countries and people in finding a political system and development path that suit their own conditions. We believe that the United Nations should play a leading role in achieving stability in the region and in the post-conflict reconstruction of the countries concerned. We should value the views of the Arab League and the African Union. We stand for greater international cooperation to facilitate peaceful settlement of the various disputes and create good conditions and atmosphere for the stability and development of the whole region.

In today's world, a country's security and stability is affected by a diverse array of complex factors. As security has become indivisible, no country can manage all challenges to its security singlehandedly. There is broad consensus in the world on seeking security through cooperation and promoting growth through stability. We call for a new security concept that is rooted in mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and coordination. This will enable us to better accommodate each other's security concerns, promote regional security cooperation and uphold common security for all.

Third, steadily reform the international system, and provide strong institutional guarantee for global recovery and growth. The global financial crisis has exposed the deficiencies of the existing international system. There is broad consensus to reform it and important progress has been made in this regard. The future of the world-- and indeed our common interests-- demand that we push forward the reform of the international economic and financial system. We need to further reform the international economic governance mechanism represented by the international Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the G-20 summit, build an equitable, fair, inclusive and well-managed international monetary and financial system and increase the voice and representation of emerging markets and developing countries. The emerging market countries are exploring new cooperation mechanisms and opening new channels of South-South Cooperation and North-South dialogue. Their efforts deserve more attention and respect. It is important to enhance the central role of the United Nations in managing international political, economic and security issues and enable all countries to participate in world affairs as equal players.

Denmark has taken an active part in the reform of international governance mechanisms. From strengthening regulation of financial markets to supporting free trade, our two countries are on similar wavelength on many issues. We would like to have closer communication and cooperation with Denmark in the spirit of partnership and work together with you to advance reform of the international system.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

China regards the EU as an important force for promoting a multi-polar world and a key partner in achieving effective global governance. A united, prosperous and strong Europe has great significance for global stability and growth. It is true that Europe currently faces some difficulties and challenges. Yet one must recognize that Europe has a strong economic foundation, proud intellectual and cultural traditions, advanced scientific technological and educational systems, and a wealth of experience in social management. The progress in European integration in the last few decades provides a solid underpinning for Europe's future development. Europe's many advantages have not been erased by the sovereign debt crisis. On the contrary, in the course of combating the crisis, the European integration process has shown vitality, which gives people confidence that Europe will emerge from the temporary difficulties stronger than before. China supports EU efforts to counter the crisis and further the integration process. We are convinced that European countries will find solutions to the problems and overcome the challenges that they face.

China is the largest developing country in the world, while the EU is the largest group of developed countries. We are both stakeholders in addressing various global challenges. Europe is a key priority in China's foreign policy. We are of the view that China-Europe cooperation is not only beneficial to our common development, but also of strategic significance for world peace and development.

--We should proceed from the overall interest of China-EU relations to expand common strategic views and cement mutual political trust. There is no conflict of fundamental interests or unresolved issues left over from history between China and Europe. Both sides stand for multilateralism. We should view and adapt to each other's development in a spirit of equality, inclusiveness and win-win progress. We should rise above our differences in ideology and social system, actively expand common ground and common interests, and properly handle problems of differences between us.

--We should step up cooperation in economy, trade, finance, urbanization, science, technology, education, culture and other fields. China and the EU vary in development stage and position in the global industrial chain. The two sides have different strengths in technology, capital, market, products and managerial expertise. There is a lot we can offer each other economically. This bodes well for our business ties. China is implementing the 12th Five-Year Plan, while the EU is implementing its Europe 2020 strategy. As we have different strengths in economic and social development, we can certainly draw on each other's experience. Our distinctive cultures offer us another opportunity to learn from each other and jointly contribute to common development and human progress.

--We should work together to ensure the success of the upcoming 14th China-EU Summit. We look forward to making real progress at this summit and sending to the world a positive message of China-EU solidarity in times of difficulty and our strong commitment to deepening the comprehensive strategic partnership.

China and Denmark have established a comprehensive strategic partnership based on the principles of mutual respect, equality, and mutual benefit. Thanks to the joint efforts of our governments and peoples, this partnership has maintained sound momentum of growth. China has Denmark's largest Asian trading partner for years on end. Our trade was quick to emerge from the international financial crisis and regain strong growth. Both sides want to fully tap into the potential of our cooperation in shipping, medicine, agriculture and other traditional areas, and at the same time beef up cooperation in emerging sectors like the environment, renewable energy and biotechnology, and turn such cooperation into new bright spots in our relations. Last year, the Little Mermaid, Denmark's national treasure, made its first overseas appearance at the Shanghai World Expo. As an embodiment of Denmark's eco-friendly vision and its cultural appeal, the Denmark Pavilion at the Expo attracted over 5.5 million visitors, showing people the ingenuity of the Danish people. I am happy to learn that the Happy Chinese New Year activities China has been holding in Denmark for 10 consecutive years are very popular among the Danish people. Our two countries also have extensive common interests in addressing global challenges such as fighting climate change, ensuring energy and resource security, and combating transnational crimes. And we have maintained good communication on major international and regional affairs.

We highly commend the strong commitment of successive Danish governments and all political parties to developing ties with China. We stand ready to work with the new Danish government under the leadership of Prime Minister Thorning-Schmidt to enrich the comprehensive strategic partnership, and make our contacts more extensive and cooperation more fruitful on the basis of mutual benefit and mutual respect. By so doing, we will take our relations to a higher plane. For years, Denmark has made tremendous efforts to advance China-EU relations. As you take over the rotating presidency of the EU in the first half of next year, we would like to join you in a concerted effort to further China-EU relations.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

This year has been a momentous year in China's development endeavor. We have exerted great efforts to fend off the international financial crisis and ensured a good start of the 12th Five-Year Plan for national economic and social development. We have maintained social stability, and made new improvements in people's living standards. We have struck a good balance between steady and robust economic growth, economic reconstructing, and management of inflation expectations. The Chinese economy, now driven more by its internal dynamism than policy stimulus, is on the right track and is expected to maintain a growth rate of over 9% for the whole year.

As China's fast growth continues and its relations with the world undergo historic changes, its development outlook and direction has captured more attention from all quarters. I wish to take this opportunity to share with you some of my observations.

First, China has scored tremendous achievements and holds good prospects for further growth, but it remains a developing country. The past 30-odd years of reform and opening-up has seen a marked rise in China's economic strength and overall strength. It is now the world's second largest economy, biggest exporter, second biggest importer, and the largest emerging market. We have met the basic living needs of 1.3 billion people and lifted over 200 million people out of absolute poverty. China's development achievements are, fundamentally speaking, attributable to the development path that suits its national reality, socialism with Chinese characteristics to be specific. The path has changed the fate of China and brought benefits to the Chinese. We will remain committed to the path.

In the second decade of the 21st century, as the implementation of the 12th Five-Year Plan continues and reform in various fields deepens, we will focus on scientific development and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the economic structure, thus taking our economic and social development as well as our overall national strength to higher levels. The world will see a China that enjoys sustained growth, greater social harmony and better-developed institutions and a China that opens up still wider to the outside.

That said, we are keenly aware of where we are in terms of development stage. There is no change to China's basic condition as a developing country ---- a big population, a rather weak economic foundation, and uneven development. Difficulties and challenges of all sorts are sure to crop up as we move forward. For example, we have to address the development imbalance between urban and rural areas and different regions. Our capacity for innovation is not a strong one, and our social security system still has much room for improvement. From this, one can see that achieving modernization in all respects is a great yet daunting endeavor for China. Long and strenuous efforts are required if we are to meet his goal.

In a word, today's China faces both opportunities and challenges. The Chinese people are full of confidence about our country's development prospects. We will properly handle and overcome all the thorny issues that may come our way, and strive for common development and prosperity with the rest of the world.

Second, China will remain committed to the path of peaceful development. The essence of this path is to develop China through upholding world peace and contribute to world peace through China's own development. We advocate mutual respect and equality, and oppose to the big, strong and rich bullying the small, weak and poor. We call for mutual benefit, and reject a beggar-thy-neighbor approach. We follow a defense policy which is defensive in nature. We do not engage in arms race or pose a military threat to any country. The path of peaceful development is a strategic choice made by the Chinese government and people in keeping with the trend of the time and China's fundamental interests. Recently, China issued a white paper entitled China's Peaceful Development. This is yet another solemn declaration of China's strong commitment to this path. In pursuing peaceful development, China needs the understanding, support, and cooperation from the rest of the world. I believe that, given the overriding trend of peace and development, all countries in the world should follow a path of peaceful development so that together we can advance human progress.

Third, China will make even greater contribution to the lofty cause of world peace and development. For China, the most populous developing country, to run its own affairs well is its most important contribution to world peace and development. On the other hand, as a responsible member of the international community, China has been actively promoting South-South cooperation and North-South dialogue. It is a staunch force for world peace and common development.

Over the past decade, we imported about 7.5 trillion US dollars, equivalent to creating 14 million jobs foe the countries and regions concerned. In the coming five years, China's imports will reach 10 trillion US dollars, making China a bigger engine for global economic growth.

China will strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation with developing countries on an equal footing, and continue to help them to the best of its ability. China has canceled 380 debts owned by 50 heavily indebted poor countries and least developed countries. We will complete over 2,100 projects in other developing countries, including schools and hospitals, and train 120,000 professionals for them. We applaud Denmark for its consistent attention and support to the development needs of African countries. China looks forward to closer exchanges with Denmark to explore possible cooperation which can bring greater benefits to the development and progress of Africa.

China is actively involved in international cooperation to tackle the financial crisis. We have taken concrete steps such as purchasing treasury bonds and increasing imports and investment to help and support the countries in need. China is committed to seeking peaceful solutions to hotspot issues. It has sent more than 19,000 personnel to 28 UN peacekeeping missions, more than any other permanent member of the UN Security Council. As it continues to grow, China will actively assume its due responsibilities in international and regional affairs and play a greater role in promoting world peace and development.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The 21st century should be a century of peace, development and cooperation. It should also be a century in which all countries share weal and woe, pursue mutual benefit and work together to protect this beautiful planet that we call home. China will work with Denmark and other countries to seize opportunities and meet challenges, and bring about a harmonious world of enduring peace and common prosperity.

Thank you.

                                     

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